https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/issue/feed Research and Development Journal Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Khajonwong Srivareerat irdjournal@ssru.ac.th Open Journal Systems <p><em><strong>Research and Development journal SuanSunandhaRajabhat University</strong></em></p> <p><strong>Objective</strong></p> <ol> <li class="show">To promote and publish quality academic work or research in the humanities and social sciences, education science and fine arts</li> <li class="show">To be a medium for offering and exchanging opinions in the fields of humanities and social sciences, education and fine arts.</li> </ol> <p><strong>ISSN (Print):</strong> <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2229-2802">2229-2802</a></p> <p><strong>E-ISSN: </strong>2697-634X</p> <p><strong>Launched year:</strong> 2000</p> <p><strong>Language:</strong> Thai and English</p> <p><strong>Publication fee:</strong> Free of Charge</p> <p><strong>Peer Review:</strong> Double-blind</p> <p><strong>Opened articles :</strong> Research articles and academic articles</p> <p><strong>Issues per year:</strong> 2 Issues</p> <p>- January-June</p> <p>- July-December</p> <p><strong>Aims and scope</strong></p> <p>Research and Development journal SuanSunandhaRajabhat University is published 2 Issues (January-June and July-December) by the Institute of Research and Development of SuanSunandhaRajabhat University. The article will be assessed for the quality of the article. both in terms of content and relevance to the objectives of the journal from at least 2 experts in the field related to the article</p> <p><strong>Owner Journal:</strong> <a href="https://ird.ssru.ac.th/en/home">Institute of Research and Development of SuanSunandhaRajabhat University</a></p> <p><strong>Indexed and Abstracts</strong></p> <p>Research and Development journal SuanSunandhaRajabhat University, is indexed in the <a href="https://tci-thailand.org/">Thai-Journal Citation Index Centre (TCI)</a>, <a href="https://scholar.google.com/">Google Scholar</a></p> https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/253188 Is PLC really good for the development of Thai education? 2021-12-24T10:45:10+07:00 Supannika Chananil supannika@reru.ac.th Teerachai Nethanomsak supannika@reru.ac.th <p>PLC stands for Professional Learning Community. It is a collaboration of teachers, administrators and related agencies for professional development and exchange of knowledge until it becomes a culture or community of exchanging knowledge. PLC is the process of bringing together real-world problems to solve problems and alleviating teacher stress with the concept of conversational aesthetics. PLC should have three key components: relaxation and alertness; Absorbing learning from complex experiences and experience development through proactive processes. The operational cycle of the PLC consists of four steps: storytelling in sequence, conceptual reflection, action through an action research process and summarize the activities. The ideal condition to use a PLC is that the participants feel safe, operate in a positive atmosphere, maintain time, focus on individual differences and understand that changes in emotions and ideas. The PLC developing a teacher's profession that operates for a short time, but the results are sustainable. It is a development operation at the grassroots level. Thai teachers should use this opportunity to talk, share experiences, express opinions to colleagues, heads of departments, administrators and education supervisors to see the real problems and solve it. If the problem is difficult to solve the role of administrators and supervisors is to send signals to the next department with reasonable information. If it can be done like that, it can be said that PLC is really good for the development of Thai education.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/253252 Value and Benefit of Situation Analysis for Organizational Strategy formulation 2021-12-24T10:50:12+07:00 Pattaraporn Jumporm pattaraporn.jum@stu.nida.ac.th <p>This article aims to present the value and benefits of situational analysis to formulate an organization's strategy; including the meaning, elements, models, and tools that are relevant and an example from a case study: AIS and the company's leadership in Digital Technology Services Provider in Thailand. AIS is one of the largest telecommunication service providers in Thailand, gaining value from situational analysis, making the organization's direction accurate, building employee commitment and collaborative efforts, understanding the current situations of the organization and being able to determine the direction of the organization in accordance with the long-term strategy. It also benefits from conducting business efficiently, effectively, economically, and impartially. These benefits visualize the importance of the situation analysis process to the employees. They also help them bond and relate to the organization and lead to better strategies that fit the situations.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/253655 Examining the Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the Economic Performance of the Tourism Industry in Southeast Asia: A Review of the Literature 2021-12-24T11:03:58+07:00 Michael G. Dela Cruz michael.delacruz@stamford.edu Mustafa Alsamaraie mustafa.alsamaraie@stamford.edu Kewarin Tantong kewarin.tantong@stamford.edu <p>The ongoing Covid-19 pandemic has dominated most facets of life. It is safe to assume that no economy has escaped the effects of the pandemic. Given the wide scope of the effects and the available research, this paper examined the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the economic performance of the tourism industry in Southeast Asia. This paper focused on four key aspects: the government response and its effects on both amplifying and mitigating the damage caused by the pandemic on the tourism industry, the tourism industry’s response to the pandemic through pricing and marketing strategies, the effect of risk perception on people’s intention to travel, and the economic performance of the tourism industry in Southeast Asia. This paper found that government policy both negatively and positively affected the tourism industry as it tried to balance public safety and economic necessities. In addition, public fear and uncertainty negatively influenced international travel numbers. The study also found that the tourism industry became more flexible and aimed at covering operational costs. Finally, the economic impact of the pandemic on the tourism industry in Southeast Asia was devastating both in terms of reduced GDP and increases in unemployment.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/254108 Thailand's Constitution Development 2021-12-24T14:33:11+07:00 Suwattana Kahintapongs mummim@hotmail.com <p>Since 1932 Thailand has issued 20 charters and constitutions, many adopted following military coups; which reflects a high degree of political instability. After each successful coup the newly emergent military leaders abrogated existing constitutions and promulgated new ones. All of Thailand's charters and constitutions have recognized a unified kingdom with a constitutional monarchy, but with different balances of power between the various branches of government. Most Thai governments have stipulated parliamentary systems. Both unicameral and bicameral parliaments have been used, and members of parliament have in the past been both elected as well as appointed. The King of Thailand has little direct power under the constitution but he is nevertheless a strong symbol of national identity and unity (Chanrochanakit, 2015).</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/252476 Learning Achievement and satisfactions of Project-Based Learning Activities on Occupational Skills of Primary Students of the Yarang District Non-Formal and Information Education Centre Pattani Province 2021-07-13T10:54:17+07:00 Tanawat Rattanadecho tanawat25852@gmail.com Thanet Ruangdech tanawat25852@gmail.com <p>The purposes of this research were to compare the learning achievement conducted before attending occupational skills and after the course of primary students from project based learning activities. And analyze satisfactions towards the project-based learning activities. The subject of the study were primary students of Yarang District Non-Formal and Information Education Centre. Simple random sampling used to cluster sampling amount 1classroom per 30 students. Studying in the second semester of the 2020 academic year. The research tools comprised of lesson plans, the research instruments included Occupational Skills achievement test and satisfactions questionnaire. Data were collected and analyzed percentage, standard deviation and t-test for dependent. The following was the findings of the research. The students’ achievement test scores in Occupational Skills were higher than the pretest at the significance level of .05. And the students’ satisfaction levels towards the project-based learning activities were at the most level with a mean of 4.48 and a standard deviation of 0.55</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/252947 Knowledge management of brocade weaving group. Arts and crafts center ban noen thammang nakhonsithammarat province 2021-07-13T11:46:06+07:00 Nittaya Srikong nittaya.srikong@g.swu.ac.th Chakpong Phaetlakfa nittaya.srikong@g.swu.ac.th <p>The aim of this research to study the knowledge management processes of the brocade weaving group in the Arts and Crafts Center in Ban Noen Tammang Nakhonsithammarat Province. This qualitative research based on the theory of Knowledge Management Process of the Office of the Public Sector Development Commission (OPDC). Collect the data from a sample of 12 people, consisting of weaving instructors and those involved in knowledge management. Studies and collected information from some document, observations, inquires and interviews used for descriptive analysis. The brocade weaving group Arts and Crafts Center in Ban Noen Tammang has a knowledge management process, with seven steps, as follows: (1) knowledge identification; (2) knowledge creation and acquisition; (3) knowledge organization; (4) knowledge codification and refinement; (5) knowledge access; (6) knowledge sharing; and (8) learning. It was found that working together resulted in the goal of restoring the city of Nakhon as a center of the brocade textile industry, creating careers and income for its members. The management process was used to transfer knowledge (teaching) and the process of knowledge management in production concurrently, resulting in job, human, organizational and community development.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/252975 The Development of Instructional Process by Integrating Orff’s Approach and Reflective Learning to Enhance the Self-management Ability of Student Teachers 2021-12-24T10:37:27+07:00 Sutthiporn Thanthong sutthiporn.th@ssru.ac.th Anothai Ponyeam Pachsang sutthiporn.th@ssru.ac.th Amanut Jantarawirote sutthiporn.th@ssru.ac.th <p>The research aimed to design and develop the instructional process based on Orff’s approach and reflective learning to enhance the self-management ability of student teachers, and to study the effectiveness of this instructional process. We used the quality evaluation form for the experts, lesson plans, and the self-management ability assessment for student teachers. The researchers studied the instructional approaches, then developed the instructional process. After the experts examined the quality of the instructional process and lesson plans, we used them with the target group consisted of 62 student teachers in social studies major of Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, for 20 hours. The results were 1. the instructional process consisted of: 1) three learning principles were the inside-outside connection, the cooperation, and the self-transformation, 2) the objectives were to promote self-awareness, awareness of coexistence, self-control, and self-improvement, 3) three learning-steps were to explore, to create, and to perform, and 4) the assessment based on the authentic assessment, and 2. the average of self-management ability of student teachers after learning (=4.22, S.D.=1.33) was higher than before learning (=3.75, S.D.=1.09), the progress percentage was lower than expected (9.40% progress)</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/253058 Happiness at Work: A Comparison between the Public and Private Sectors. 2021-12-24T10:38:57+07:00 Atcharaporn Wongpun atcharaporn.nui@gmail.com <p>Happiness at work: a comparison between the public and private sectors. This descriptive study aims to compare happiness at work in different dimensions both public and private, analyze the perspective of happiness at work. Analyze the factors influencing the happiness of people working between the public and private organizations. This research is a secondary study of data from the National Statistical Office of Thailand. The study analyzed the data by using Multiple Classification Analysis (MCA) statistics. It was found that the happiness level at work was mostly on the aspect of adequate compensation with the highest average. The correctness of the payment of wages resulted in the most adequate compensation average and the chances of receiving training / further education/ job visits to develop one's skills and abilities, resulting in the lowest average in terms of ability development. The results of the study revealed that a comparison of personal and occupational factors affecting happiness at work. Monthly income had a greater effect on the happiness of employees in the public sector than employees in the private sector. The occupational type had a greater effect on happiness for employees in the public sector than employees in the private sector. The level of education had a greater effect on the happiness of employees who worked in the private sector than employees who worked in the public sector. Comparing each side, it was found that monthly income affects employees in the public sector more than employees in the private sector. The level of education affects employees who work in the private sector more than employees who work in the public sector expects for adequate Income. Occupational types affect people who work in the public sector more than the private sector expects for adequate Income and organizational pride.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/253095 Effects of using Learning Management Innovation to support analysis ability of Bachelor in Social studies student, Silpakorn University 2021-12-24T10:43:47+07:00 phenphanor phuangphae phenphanor@gmail.com <p>This research was to study the ability of students in analyzing before and after learning with the innovation, analyze the learners' innovative learning behavior with the innovation and the satisfaction of student with the innovation. The 24 samples are randomly selected for the experimental group using simple random sampling form faculty of education. The instruments used in this research were the innovative lesson plans, the analysis ability test, the innovative learning behavior recording form, the satisfaction of innovative learning questionnaire. The descriptive statistics including mean (μ) standard deviation (S.D.), and content analysis were applied in these analyses. The research instruments where the result of learners’ analysis ability posttest was higher than pretest with statistically significant difference at 0.05 levels, the result of the learners' innovative learning behavior overall it was a good level (μ= 2.72) and the result of the learners' satisfaction of innovative learning in the social information and innovation course. Overall, it was at a high level.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/253234 Material Adaptation and Implementation to Enhance Intercultural Knowledge and Translation Skills of Non-English Major College Students in China 2021-12-24T10:46:18+07:00 Ngamthip Wimolkasem ngamthipw@yahoo.co.uk Jing Zhao jingzhao1209@qq.com <p>Intercultural knowledge is vital in learning and using foreign languages effectively. This study was designed to develop the materials to enhance intercultural knowledge of non-English major college students in China and then, explore their effectiveness. The mixed methodology which combines qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis was utilized to analyze the data from questionnaires, translation competency of the students, and in-depth interviews on students’ reflections towards the adapted materials. There were 98 students participating in this study in the academic year 2019 to 2020. After the new intercultural teaching material development and implementation, apparently the students’ intercultural knowledge had been increased significantly based on the comparison of the questionnaires. The students’ performance on translation competency was at a high level and their perceptions from the in-depth interviews revealed positive attitudes. On this basis, this study suggests the way to adapt and implement teaching materials effectively to enrich the students’ intercultural knowledge and strengthen their language ability.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/253340 Shareholder structure and good corporate governance affect the results of operations of the Resources and Technology business groups listed on the Stock Exchange of Thailand. 2021-07-27T15:59:10+07:00 Vorapreeya Changak pla.rnp9@gmail.com <p>The purpose of this study was to study the shareholder structure affect the firm performance, and to study good corporate governance affect the firm performance. The sample in this study are the listed company on the Stock Exchange of Thailand, in Resources and Technology Business industry Group 102 companies. The data was collected from financial statements for the past 4 years during the year 2017 – 2020 total 408 firm years. The statistics used are as follows: descriptive statistics analysis and multiple regression analysis. The results showed that Good corporate governance in proportion to the number of independent committees affects operating results in terms of Return on Total Assets Return on Equity and Return on Net Profit statistically significant at the 0.10 level.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/254547 Family Characteristics and Parental Violence of Child-Rearing in Thailand 2021-12-24T15:14:43+07:00 ็Hattaya Khosuntiwiwat hattayaw24@gmail.com <p>The study entitling “Family Characteristics and Parental Violence of Child-Rearing in Thailand” aimed at studying child-rearing behaviors of parents and examining factors related to children-caregiver characteristics, family structure and economic condition and child-rearing affecting their behaviors. This study reviewed the project of surveying the situation of children and women in Thailand 2015-2016 which was the secondary information gathered by the National Statistical Office of Thailand. <br />The Multiple regression analysis was employed to analyze the data. </p> <p>The findings revealed that the majority of the samples resided outside municipal districts, and most of them were living in Northeastern and Southern regions. Regarding children-caregiver characteristic factors, children from the households were more boys than girls with age between 1-10 years. Most parents were 21-40 years old with primary or below secondary educational level. In terms of family structure and economic condition factors, the majority of the families had similar economic conditions and lived together with 3-6 persons. The Most common parenting style discovered was a couple with only one partner at a time. Referring to the child-rearing factors, most parents devoted themselves to raise their children and resisted parental violence in child-rearing. Based on the results of the study, they showed that the factors of the parental violence in child-rearing both physically and mentally were mostly the same: gender of children, age and education of parents, economic conditions, and a very devoted parenting style which was the serious cause of the violence and subsequently led to the physical violence of child-rearing. Apart from this, the factor with the greatest effect on mental violence of child-rearing was the child’s age. However, it had no impact on the physical violence. In addition, the factor related to the number of family members only brought about physical abuse of child-rearing while the less caring parenting style merely caused mental abuse.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/255077 Factors Affecting the Role of Super Leadership of School Administrators under the Office of Bangkok Secondary Educational Service Area 2 2021-10-19T15:05:55+07:00 Wichittra Triyawong s62561802003@ssru.ac.th <p>The purpose of this research was to study the level of factors affecting the Super leadership, The level of Super leadership, and the factors affecting the role of Super Leadership of school administrators under the Office of Bangkok Secondary Educational Service Area 2. The researcher collected data from the questionnaire distribution in 52 schools. The research collected data from the target population of 380 persons by sending out 380questionnarie all of which, or 100 percent, were completed and returned. Research data were analyzed with the use of the frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and stepwise multiple regression analysis. The findings of this research were as follows: 1) The level of factors affecting the Super leadership of the school administrators were rated based on performance or real condition at the high level. They were ranked from top to bottom based on their rating means as follows: personality, vision, self-confidence and trust. 2) The level of Super leadership of the school administrators were rated based on performance or real condition at the high level. 3) The factors affecting Super Leadership of school administrators consider from multiple regression analysis. or forecasting equations, including trust (X<sub>3</sub>), personality (X<sub>4</sub>), vision (X<sub>1</sub>), and self-confidence (X<sub>2</sub>) specifying the statistical significance value at the .01 level.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/255082 Factors Affecting the Characteristics of School Administrators Affecting the Effectiveness of Building a Professional Learning Community for Teachers Under the Office of The Secondary Educational Service Area Bangkok Area 1 2021-10-19T15:10:13+07:00 Patthama Subunnajui s62561802007@ssru.ac.th <p> The purpose of this research were to study. The level of Factors Affecting The Characteristics Of School Administrators . The level of Effectiveness Of Building A Professional Learning Community For Teachers and The Factors Affecting The Characteristics Of School Administrators Affecting The Effectiveness Of Building A Professional Learning Community For Teachers. The researcher collected data from the questionnaire distribution in 67 schools. The research collected data from the target population of 373 persons by sending out 373 questionnaries. Of the total number of questionnaires sent off, 373, or 100 percent were complete and return. The data were then statistically analyzed using the frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and stepwise multiple regression analysis. The findings of this research were as follows: 1. The level of Factors Affecting The Characteristics Of School Administrators. overall and in each aspect were at a high level. In descending order: interpersonal , vision, management ability, leadership, teamwork. problem solving and decision-making, morality-ethics, and professional advancement respectively. 2. The level of Effectiveness Of Building A Professional Learning Community For Teachers the overall and item were at a high level. 3. The Factors Affecting The Characteristics Of School Administrators Affecting The Effectiveness Of Building A Professional Learning Community For Teachers Under The Office Of The Secondary Educational Service Area Bangkok Area 1 : morality-ethics, professional advancement and leadership.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/255113 Factors Affecting the Effectiveness of the Use of the Government Fiscal Management Information System (GFMIS) in the Educational Administration of the Office for the Promotion of Non-Formal and Informal Education 2021-10-19T15:12:39+07:00 Somjai Sankote somjai.sankote@gmail.com <p>The purpose of this research was to study the degree of factors affecting the effectiveness of the government fiscal management Information system (GFMIS). in educational management of the Office of Non-Formal and Informal Education.The sample used consisted of 210 people. Consisting of 52 executives and 158 operators It is obtained by Simple Random Sampling. The tool used was a questionnaire. The statistics used were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation. and linear multiple regression analysis. The results of the research found that: 1) The level of factors affecting the effectiveness of the use of the government fiscal Information management system (GFMIS) in educational administration of the Office of Non-Formal and Informal Education. For executives it was found that Overall, at a high level by management in the highest order followed by technology, equipment, personnel, and budget. For practitioners, it was found that the overall level was at a high level. by management in the highest order followed by technology, personnel, equipment, and budget, respectively. 2) The level of effectiveness of the use of the government fiscal Information management system (GFMIS) in educational administration of the Office of Non-Formal and Informal Education. For executives it was found that Overall, the average was at the highest level. by the timeliness in the highest order followed by transparency, accuracy and economy. For practitioners, it was found that Overall, at a high level by the timeliness in the highest order followed by accuracy, transparency and economy, respectively. 3) Factors affecting the effectiveness of the use of the government fiscal Information management system (GFMIS) in educational administration of the Office of Non-Formal and Informal Education: personnel (), management (), and equipment () with statistical significance at the .01</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/255559 Study and Analysis of Guidelines for Promoting and Being Awareness about the City of Sri Racha in Chonburi Province By Community-Based Learning 2021-11-22T10:05:00+07:00 ญาณินี ไพทยวัฒน์ yaninieph@gmail.com Supanut Pana Supanut@g.swu.ac.th <p>This research aims to study about the history of Sri Racha in Chonburi Province and to analyze for promoting and being awareness about the city of Sri Racha by using the community-based learning. The target group of this research is seventy high school students who have lived in Sri Racha district for five years in order to be attached to Sri Racha. The research methods are semi-structured interview about the particular feature of Sri Racha and rating-scale questionnaire about being awareness of Sri Racha. The questionnaire is divided into two parts: 1) to collect basic information of informants and 2) to evaluate self-awareness of Sri Racha. The result of this research finds that those students lack the knowledge of local history, tradition and natural resources, but they know the tourist attractions in Sri Racha and have pride to live in Sri Racha. However, they are rarely attached to Sri Racha. This problem shows that the students are not attached to the community. Therefore, it is necessary to restore local knowledge of being awareness of Sri Racha.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University