Research and Development Journal, Loei Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/researchjournal-lru <p>Research and Development Journal, Loei Rajabhat University (LRUJ) is a national journal promoting and publicizing quality academic articles, thesis articles and research articles from scholars, lecturers, and students in the fields of humanities and social sciences and interdisciplinary in humanities and social sciences. Its span includes anthropology, communication arts, journalism, economics, business administration and management, history, jurisprudence, political science, sociology, linguistics, social development, and community development. Accepted articles will be assessed by 3 peer reviewers from Loei Rajabhat University and other educational institutes under a double-blind peer revision scheme.</p> <p><strong>Publication period</strong>: 4 issues a year; 1<sup>st</sup> issue (January-March); 2<sup>nd</sup> issue (April-June); 3<sup>rd</sup> issue (July-September); and 4<sup>th</sup> issue (October-December)</p> en-US Research and Development Journal, Loei Rajabhat University 2774-1109 <p>ข้อความที่ปรากฎในวารสารฉบับนี้เป็นความคิดเห็นของผู้เขียนแต่ละท่าน สถาบันวิจัยและพัฒนา มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏเลย และกองบรรณาธิการ ไม่จำเป็นต้องเห็นด้วยและไม่มีส่วนรับผิดชอบใดๆ</p> <p>สถาบันวิจัยและพัฒนา มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏเลย ขอให้ผู้อ่านอ้างอิงในกรณีที่ท่านคัดลอกเนื้อหาบทความในวารสารฉบับนี้</p> Exercise of Rights and Freedoms in Public Assembly under the Law on Public Assembly https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/researchjournal-lru/article/view/255557 <p>This independent research applies the documentary research method. The objective of this study were: 1) to study the background, concepts, theory, and principles of public assembly, 2) to study the provisions of law relating to exercise of rights and freedoms of assembly in Thailand and Federal Republic of Germany, 3) to analyze problems of exercising rights and freedoms in public assembly under Public Assembly Act 2558 (2015), and 4) to suggest to modify or revise the provisions of law on public assembly to be more effective.</p> <p>The results of the study found that, firstly, natural laws are universal above man-made laws and the constitution guarantees rights and liberties as the highest priority for government organizations and citizens to be respected and protected. Secondly Federal Republic of Germany, the acknowledgment of the right to freedom of public assembly is a fundamental right in democratic governance in the basic law. However in Thailand, the details of the legal provisions of the public assembly law facilitates the exercise of the discretion of the officials to obstruct the exercise of rights and the integrity of the public assembly. Thirdly, the right to freedom of assembly of citizens is limited by vague statutory provisions. Fourthly, the provisions of the law must be clear so that officials involved in public assembly must strictly interpret the provisions. Therefore, it is appropriate to amend the Public Assembly Act B.E. 2558 (2015), as follows: 1) definition of assembly manager, 2) Responsibilities of the assembly manager, and 3) protection of lawful banning public gatherings.</p> Kongnapa Chinnawong Wikorn Rakpuangchon Copyright (c) 2022 Research and Development Journal, Loei Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-06-21 2022-06-21 17 60 46 55 Sustainable and Intelligent Rural Development in Mueang District, Chachoengsao Province https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/researchjournal-lru/article/view/254598 <p>Sustainable and Intelligent Rural Development in Mueang District Chachoengsao’s objective was proposing alternatives for area management in restdent and industrial zones with geographic information system as tool to analyze suitability of the intelligent development in rural areas along with hierarchical analysis in seven aspect as health care, environment, facilities, education, agriculture, energy and communication.</p> <p>The result found that the suitable areas scattered in Chachoengsao municipality and the suitability decreased according to the distance from the municipality. After planning the development with five aspects as health care, facilities, agricuture, energy and communication, the suitablility of some areas increased to ‘medium’ level and had fewer ‘low’ suitability areas.</p> Wittaya Taosa Phattraporn Soytong Narumon Intarawichian Prasarn Inthacharoen Copyright (c) 2022 Research and Development Journal, Loei Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-06-21 2022-06-21 17 60 73 81 An Efficiency Improvement for Spare Part Warehouse Management: Case study of XYZ Company https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/researchjournal-lru/article/view/252981 <p>The purposes of this research were to study the application of ABC analysis technique and visual control technique in spare parts warehouse and to improve spare parts retrait time. According to the analysis, it found that the spare parts in the warehouse of the XYZ company were mixed up combination of spare parts and had no fixed position which be the cause of retrait time consuming and operating delay. In addition, the warehouse had no indication of storage location and clearly label. Therefore, the theories of ABC analysis and visual control were used in this study to improve and modify the arrangement of spare part in order to decrease the spare parts retrait time. Finally, the spare part retrait time was reduced to an average of 7.38 minutes per time, from 18.55 minutes per time to 11.17 minutes per time, or 39.78%.</p> Nathawan Samakachan Napal Uttayaratana Copyright (c) 2022 Research and Development Journal, Loei Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-06-21 2022-06-21 17 60 1 8 Factors Influencing Electronic Commerce Entrepreneur’s Intention to Engagement in Parcel Delivery in Thailand https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/researchjournal-lru/article/view/252287 <p>The aim of this research was to investigate the factors influencing intention to participation in the service of parcel delivery business of e-commerce entrepreneur in Thailand. The participants were the people who follow channels in online social media. There were 384 peoples in this survey through an online approach. The responses were analyzed by statistical program to find the effects. The results showed that the relationship of the perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, perceived social influence and perceived enjoyment factors that influences the intention to participation in the service of parcel delivery business of e-commerce entrepreneur in Thailand at 0.5 significance level. The perceived ease of use factor that influenced the intention of participating in the parcel delivery business of e-commerce entrepreneur in Thailand was the highest with a regression coefficient of 0.244. The perceived usefulness factor had a regression coefficient of 0.225. In addition, the perceived social influence factor had a regression coefficient of 0.198 and the perceived enjoyment factor had a regression coefficient of 0.147, respectively.</p> Wawmayura Chamsuk Patchara Phochanikorn Ekachai Chaida Teewin Narunart Ananya Banyongpisut Copyright (c) 2022 Research and Development Journal, Loei Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-06-21 2022-06-21 17 60 9 16 Development of Working Time Data Collection and Checking for Staff of Faculty of Engineering, Mahasarakham University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/researchjournal-lru/article/view/247407 <p>This research has an objective to study and develop a system for working time data collecting and checking mistakes of the finger print scanning system for the staff of the Faculty of Engineering, Mahasarakham University. The research results showed that the working time data collecting and checking based finger print scanning initially had high precision but would require the improvement and development in the future due to problems related to undetectable finger print of some staff and thus could not be recorded. there were 83 mistakes happened via the finger print scanning which had the main factors caused the finger print scanner did not record the data, undetectable finger prints of some staff and unintentionally electricity shutdown. These factors caused results in low reliability and data collecting errors. The satisfaction evaluation was 3.75 of 5.</p> <p>From the research results, the system should be improved to have high reliability and up-to-date, as well as, ease for using, convenient, and detect the correct by using the face scanning instead to reduce problems of undetectable finger prints and changing installation location due to less or too high environmental illumination. In addition, easier database accessing and reporting should be also implemented for faster services for the system users (especially, the respective staff of the organization) for daily operation. The satisfaction on the system should be also continuously improved to higher score.</p> Kessarin Phuphanee Chonlatee Photong Copyright (c) 2022 Research and Development Journal, Loei Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-06-21 2022-06-21 17 60 17 27 Motivation that Affects Participation in Educational Quality Assurance Operations of Loei Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/researchjournal-lru/article/view/251557 <p>The objective of this research is study the motivation that affects the participation in educational quality assurance of Loei Rajabhat University personnel. The population used in this study was 257 personnel of Loei Rajabhat University. Is a questionnaire Data were analyzed by mean, standard deviation. By using SPSS for Windows.</p> <p>The results of this research found that the opinions on participation in educational quality assurance with the highest mean was participation in the examination of the performance (<img title="\bar{X}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\dpi{80}&amp;space;\bar{X}" />=3.75, S.D. = 0.69) followed by Participation in the improvement of performance (<img title="\bar{X}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\dpi{80}&amp;space;\bar{X}" />=3.75, S.D. = 0.69) and the least average issue is Participation in planning (<img title="\bar{X}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\dpi{80}&amp;space;\bar{X}" />=3.58, S.D. = 0.64) Motivation that affects the desire to participate in educational quality assurance, found that Loei Rajabhat University personnel There is an incentive that affects the desire to participate in the educational quality assurance work. At the agreed level (<img title="\bar{X}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\dpi{80}&amp;space;\bar{X}" />=3.66, S.D. = 0.70), when considering each item, it was found that the motivation that resulted in the desire to participate in the educational quality assurance work was the most. The routine work of the agency has achieved the goal (<img title="\bar{X}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\dpi{80}&amp;space;\bar{X}" />=3.87, S.D. = 0.60) followed by the supervisor. And colleagues Accept your knowledge and ability. Praised And respect (<img title="\bar{X}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\dpi{80}&amp;space;\bar{X}" />=3.63, S.D. = 0.70) and motivation affecting the participation in educational quality assurance at the lowest level Which is at the level of idle level is to be considered for promotion Promoted by knowledge and ability Fairly And are encouraged to develop knowledge and skills such as continuing education, training, seminars. (<img title="\bar{X}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\dpi{80}&amp;space;\bar{X}" />=3.25, S.D. = 0.97)</p> Sub-anun Palabud Sathaporn Boriboonwat Copyright (c) 2022 Research and Development Journal, Loei Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-06-21 2022-06-21 17 60 28 36 The Problems and Guidelines for Developing Laws Regarding the Roles of Lawyers or Legal Counsellors to Protect Children and Juveniles in the Criminal Case: A Case Study of Loei Provincial Juvenile and Family Court https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/researchjournal-lru/article/view/254999 <p>The objectives of this research were: 1) to investigate the problem of determining the organization to be controlled and the powers and duties to supervise a lawyer or legal advisor in the protection of children and youth in criminal cases; 2) to study the issue of the role of a lawyer or legal counsel in the process of arresting investigations; 3) to study the problem of the role of a lawyer or legal advisor in the process of preparing a remedial treatment plan both before filing a lawsuit and after filing a lawsuit; and 4) to obtain information for recommendations for the amendment of the Juvenile and Family Court and Procedure Act B.E. 2553 (2010). This research used a qualitative research model with in-depth documentary research and interviews. The samples were: 1) 3 judges of the Juvenile and Family Court, Loei Province; 2) 1 public prosecutor from the Juvenile and Family Prosecutor's Office in Loei Province; 3) 3 lawyers who have been trained and registered as legal advisors in Loei Province; 4) 3 investigating officers in Loei Province; 5) 1 officer from the Loei Provincial Probation Office; 6) 3 parents of children and youths who have been prosecuted in the Juvenile and Family Court in Loei Province. The researcher presented the data using an analytical descriptive method.</p> <p>The major findings revealed that the Lawyers Council is appropriate to be an organization that will have the control and authority to regulate lawyers or legal advisors in the protection of juveniles in criminal cases. There should be the amendment of the Lawyers Act B.E. 2528 (1985) to add definitions in Section 4. The word “lawyer” means “a person who has been registered and licensed by the Lawyers Council to be a lawyer and includes a legal counsel in the Juvenile and Family Court that will give the Lawyers Council the power to supervise and supervise legal counsel in the Juvenile and Family Court. The issue of the role of a lawyer or legal advisor in the process of arrest investigation should amend the Juvenile and Family Court and Procedure Act B.E. 2553 (2010), Section 73, to add the following provisions. “Allow children and youth to meet and consult with legal counsel without the presence of others” will make it more effective to protect children and youth in case of arrest detection. Because children or youth will dare to tell the truth whether the arrest of the officer is a lawful arrest. The role of a lawyer or legal advisor in the preparation of a pre-litigation and post-litigation remediation plan should be amended to Juvenile and Family Court and Procedure Act B.E. 2553 (2010), Section 86, Section 87, Section 90, and Section 91 shall add legal advisors to the preparation of the rehabilitation plan both before and after the litigation. Therefore, legal counsel will be able to act in the protection of children and youth in criminal cases, especially by providing legal knowledge that is necessary and should be known that will benefit children and youth.</p> Piyawan Senacharoen Copyright (c) 2022 Research and Development Journal, Loei Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-06-21 2022-06-21 17 60 37 45 Attitudes and Factors Affecting the Need of Undergraduates in Narathiwat with High-level Vocational Certificate (or Equivalent) to Study a Continuing Course in Accountancy https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/researchjournal-lru/article/view/253580 <p>The study aimed to study attitudes and factors affecting the need of undergraduate students to continue their higher education majoring in Accountancy (Continuous Program). The samples used in the study were 77 undergraduate students with a higher and equivalent vocational certificate from educational institutions available in Narathiwat Province including Narathiwat Technical College, Narathiwat Community College, Narathiwat Polytechnic College, and Sungai Kolok Vocational College. To achieve accuracy and completeness, determination of the sample size was similar as the size of the population. Questionnaires were used as the data collection tool, which was done during the whole academic year of 2020. The obtained data was analyzed using techniques of descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage, and standard deviation. An Inferred statistic like the step-by-step multiple regression equation with a statistical significance at 0.05 was also employed in the study.</p> <p>The findings are as follows: </p> <p>1. The total mean score for the undergraduates’ need to continue their study in accounting (continuing program) was 3.62. It is considered high. At the highest level of mean score was that of the attitude concerning the benefit of bachelor's degree in accounting for the future profession. The lowest level of mean score was that of the attitude which concerns the employment’s requirement of higher degree of profession. Most of the informants view that the continuing course was worth opening, represented by the average mean calculated.</p> <p>2. The total mean score of affecting factors combined was 3.58. The impact of all the factors (five) towards the need was at high level. When classified, the highest level of mean score was shown in “tuition fees”, holding an impact value at high level, while inferior to which was that mean score shown in “location”. The factor which shows the lowest mean was “family” with a moderate level of the impact value.</p> Haida Sudinpreeda Phunphit Thitinun Bongkoch Kamolprem Copyright (c) 2022 Research and Development Journal, Loei Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-06-21 2022-06-21 17 60 56 61 Factors Influencing the Choices of Jobs for the Undergraduates of the Faculty of Management Science at Loei Rajabhat University https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/researchjournal-lru/article/view/255092 <p>The purposes of this research were to study the factors influencing the choices of jobs for the undergraduates of the Faculty of Management Science at Loei Rajabhat University and to compare personal factors with the factors influencing the choices of jobs for the students. The samples consisted of 235 selected from the population of 604 undergraduates in the Faculty of Management Science at Loei Rajabhat University. The research instrument was a 5-point scale questionnaire. The statistics used for data analysis were percentage, mean, standard deviation, and hypothesis testing statistics.</p> <p>The research results were as follows:</p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">1. The analysis of the factors influencing the choices of jobs for the undergraduates of the Faculty of Management Science at Loei Rajabhat University, as a whole, was found at a high level. When considering each aspect, it was found that the factor averagely scored the highest was labor cost and compensation, followed by the nature of work, progress and stability, organizational aspects, and social environment, respectively.</span></p> <p>2. The comparison between personal factors with the factors influencing the choices of jobs for the undergraduates of the Faculty of Management Science at Loei Rajabhat University, classified by genders and students’ programs, revealed that the choices of jobs of the students from different programs were different at statistical significance level of .05. The overall choices of jobs of the students from different genders were not different.</p> Chinchoeng Kaewka Satiya Klinsukhon Ratchadapron Kamkaew Copyright (c) 2022 Research and Development Journal, Loei Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-06-21 2022-06-21 17 60 62 72 Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviors Among Workers Excreta Management in Nakhon Ratchasima Province https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/researchjournal-lru/article/view/253743 <p> The objectives of this research were to investigate level of knowledge, attitudes and behaviors about excreta management of worker; and to study relationship between knowledge, attitudes and behaviors with excreta management of workers in Nakhon Ratchasima province. Data were collected from a sample of 76 people through questionnaires. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and inferential statistics Pearson correlation methods.</p> <p> The results show that a majority of the workers are male (80.3%) and graduated Secondary School (48.7). The questionnaires show that (85.5%) of the workers marriage and that (72.4%) of the workers are company employee. Among the questioned workers, (52.6%) have a monthly income less than 10,000 Bath. The largest group of workers are experience between 6-10 years (43.3%). The knowledge in excreta management was ranked at high level of one hundred percent, attitude was ranked at good (<img title="\small \bar{X}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\small&amp;space;\bar{X}" />=2.97, S.D.= ±0.11) level of one hundred percent and behavior in excreta management was ranked at good (<img title="\small \bar{X}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\small&amp;space;\bar{X}" />=2.76, S.D.= ±0.22) level of one hundred percent. There was a positive relationship between knowledge and behaviors excreta management of workers in Nakhon Ratchasima province at p &lt; .05</p> Nara Ravadchai Thiwakorn Rachutorn Phatcharee Srikuta Darunee Inthisaeng Walailuk Ratchawong Suphanich Srivilai Copyright (c) 2022 Research and Development Journal, Loei Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-06-21 2022-06-21 17 60 82 90