https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/issue/feed The Golden Teak : Humanity and Social Science Journal 2019-12-25T15:15:46+07:00 ดร.สุภาพร พงศ์ภิญโญโอภาส moui_pong@hotmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>สักทอง : วารสารมนุษยศาสตร์และสังคมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏกำแพงเพชรมีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อตีพิมพ์ผลงานวิจัย ผลงานสร้างสรรค์ และผลงานวิชาการ สาขามนุษยศาสตร์และสังคมศาสตร์ ได้แก่ การศึกษา รัฐประศาสนศาสตร์ การพัฒนาชุมชน เศรษฐศาสตร์นิติศาสตร์ บริหารธรุกิจ การท่องเที่ยว นิเทศศาสตร์ และวัฒนธรรม เผยแพร่แก่นักวิชาการและบุคคลทั่วไป ปีละ 4 ฉบับ (ม.ค.-มี.ค., เม.ย.-มิ.ย., ก.ค.-ก.ย. และ ต.ค.-ธ.ค.) บทความที่ได้รับการตีพิมพ์ในวารสารจะต้องผ่านการตรวจพิจารณาจากกองบรรณาธิการและผู้ทรงคุณวุฒิในสาขาต่างๆ</p> https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231557 Full Paper 2019-12-25T15:08:33+07:00 Full Paper Full Paper golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>Full Paper</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231561 editorial 2019-12-25T15:10:54+07:00 editorial editorial golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>editorial</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231564 table of contents 2019-12-25T15:15:46+07:00 table of contents table of contents golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>table of contents</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231415 The Story of Mahajanaka by His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej : Technique of Jataka Structure Adaptation for Communicate the Thoughts of the King 2019-12-25T09:29:59+07:00 คณิตา หอมทรัพย์ golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>The objectives of this study were to study the techniques of Jataka structure adaptation in The Story of Mahajanaka by His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, and to explore the thoughts of His Majesty through this adaptation. The researcher analyzed the story according to the concepts of Jataka writing focusing on its structure, the literary concepts of narrative writing and concepts of Intertextuality. The findings revealed that the techniques comprised: 1) the omission of the reasons why Lord Buddha told a group of disciples stories and the identification of characters in Jataka telling who was who during the Lord Buddha era, and 2) adaptation of the content by omitting, changing and adding some details. However, the original major sections of the story which were written in Bali were kept and these sections were also translated in Thai.&nbsp; These techniques communicated the thoughts of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej as follows: 1) His Majesty’s Philosophy regarding persistence, intellect and the development of Thai society, and 2) the creation of the contemporary Jataka story.&nbsp; This story, as a result, is uniquely different from the original story and other versions of the same story.&nbsp; In addition, it influenced the creation of various genres of Mahajanaka in Thai society. The Story of Mahajanaka by His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej has made Thai people realize the importance of Jataka stories and their roles in society.</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231421 The New Appearances under the Old Perception of Thai Literature in Thai Songs 2019-12-25T09:37:30+07:00 ภาคภูมิ สุขเจริญ golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>This research is a study of the new appearance under the old knowledge of Thai literature in 14 modern Thai songs among 2013-2017 year, namely, Thotsakan Mana,&nbsp; Tuarai Thee Ruk Thur,&nbsp; Khun Chang (Loser man), Khon Nata MaiDee Thee Thur Yang Ruk,&nbsp; Ngor Par, Nai Jai Mee Nueng Deaw (Jak Jai Seeda), Phra Ram (Khor Thot Thee Hoo Bao), Matchanu (Khat Kwam Oboon), Ror (Nang Nguek), Seeda (I'm Sorry), Khan Mark Lom (Fail), Maichai Phra Ek (Foe), Wanthong, Hanuman and Huajai Thotsakan. The objective of this research is to study the presence of the Thai literature characters in the former times and to study the change of the main concepts of modern Thai songs from the past Thai literature by analyzing the 14 Thai song lyrics which are related to the characters of the past Thai literature. The findings show that the modern Thai songs create the lyrics by expressing ideas or inspirations from the characters in four main of Thai literature works Ramayana, Khun Chang Khun Phaen, Sung-Thong and Phra Abhaimani; moreover, there are two types of the characters appear in the songs. First is the appearance of the antagonist by using language to convince to sympathy mood. Second is the appearance with the protagonist by using language to express poor mood and difficult life. Besides, the change of the main concept of modern Thai songs classify in two kinds: Emphasis or Center of Interest and the used of contrasting artistic aesthetics which are different from Thai song in the past, because it aims to communicate the love of the two sides of characters by focusing on the tragedy ending or narrate the story of the bravery of the character to achieve confidence and faith. In addition, the new appearance of old Thai literature perfectly combines the concept and values through the old perception of modern Thai music.</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231427 Development of the Electronic Books for Teachers to Manage Integrative Thinking Instruction for 21st Century Students 2019-12-25T09:47:29+07:00 วิภารัตน์ แสงจันทร์ golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>This research and development aimed to 1) explore teachers’ opinions towards thinking skills required for managing integrative thinking instruction for 21<sup>st</sup> century students; 2) develop the electronic books for teachers to manage integrative thinking instruction; and 3) investigate the effectiveness of the developed electronic books in terms of knowledge and design of integrative thinking lesson plans, teachers’ opinions towards the developed electronic books, evaluation of students’ integrative thinking, and students’ opinions towards integrative thinking instruction. The samples were 1) 24 teachers from 4 learning areas: science, mathematics, foreign languages, and Thai language; the school were selected purposively and 6 teachers from each learning area were selected using a simple random sampling method; 2) students from 8 classes, randomly selected from classes of the teacher sampling group, 2 classes from each learning area, totaling 275 students. The research instruments included 1) the opinion questionnaires, 2) the electronic books, 3) the content validity checklist (IOC), 4) the cognitive assessment form for integrative thinking instruction, and 5) the assessment form for the ability to design integrative thinking lesson plans, 6) the assessment form for students’ integrative thinking, 7) the structure interview. Statistics used in this research were the percentage, IOC, mean scores, standard deviation, t-test for dependent samples, and z-test. The findings revealed that 1) the electronic books consisted of 3 sets of interactive books including fundamental thinking skills leading to integrative thinkers, development of integrative thinking skills, and evaluation of integrative thinking; 2) the average posttest scores of teachers’ knowledge concerning integrative thinking instruction after learning from the electronic books were significantly higher than those pretest scores at 0.05 level. Twenty-four teachers (100%) passed the set criteria of not less than 70% concerning knowledge and design of integrative thinking lesson plans. The level of teachers’ opinions towards the electronic books was at the highest level (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}">=3.58, S.D.=0.34). The level of students’ opinions towards integrative thinking instruction was at the highest level (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}">=3.49, S.D.=0.33). The average scores of students’ integrative thinking were higher than the criteria of 70% at the 0.05 significance level. There were 210 students, which accounted for 76.23%, passing the set criteria at 70% on integrative thinking evaluation.</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231436 Cultural Surveillance of People in Chiang Rai Province 2019-12-25T09:54:11+07:00 เลหล้า ตรีเอกานุกูล golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>This research aimed to study important culture for surveillance, and activities of surveillance, of people in Chiang Rai Province. Qualitative methods were used to collect data for example interviews and group discussions of the key informants including representatives of government agencies and private sectors who involved with the cultural surveillance in Chiang Rai Province. The findings revealed that the 12 significant culture for surveillance included costume; respect to seniors; local language and literature; folk food; beliefs, religion and ritual; using traditional wisdom in the occupation; indigenous music and dance; virtue and ethics; arts; invention and role play; Lanna architecture; and traditions associated with Buddhism. The most important group to educate cultural surveillance showed that children and youth should be the top priority, then the elders. Engagement of government agencies, educational organizations, religious organizations, community organizations, as well as all media producers in cultural surveillance together with the cultural owners would achieve the sustainability. More important, roots of the nation culture must be urged for close observation in order to protect the magnificent culture of the nation, not lost and disappeared. The proposed activities such as teaching, seminar on traditional conservation relaying, rehabilitation, and arranging space to display should be involved all parties and the people in Chiang Rai Province.</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231441 The Development of Critical Thinking Skills through the STEM Activities for the General Science Pre-service Teacher of Phranakhon Rajabhat University 2019-12-25T09:59:26+07:00 อภิชาติ พยัคฆิน golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>The purpose of this study was to enhance fourth year general science pre-service students’ critical thinking skills that studying in college of teacher education at Phranakhon Rajabhat University by using STEM activities before practicing profession in the schools. The samples used in the study were general science pre-service students studying in academic year 2016 at college of teacher education at Phranakhon Rajabhat University. The researcher created 8 STEM activities plans for enhancing critical thinking skills. The researcher measured samples’ critical thinking skills before and after using STEM activities to develop critical thinking skills by using the critical thinking skills test adapted from Cornell Critical Thinking Test Level Z. The researcher measured samples’ STEM activity organized skills by using STEM activity organized skills evaluate form and measured samples’ satisfaction toward learning with the STEM activities by using satisfaction evaluate form. The data were analyzed by using mean, standard deviation and T-test dependent. The research results revealed that: 1. The samples’ scores of each critical thinking skill and in total mean scores after using STEM activities were statistically higher than the samples’ scores before using STEM activities at the 0.05 level of significance.2. The samples’ STEM activity organized skills were good. 3. The samples’ satisfaction toward learning with the STEM activities was high.</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231442 The Proceeds of the Late King Bhumibol Adulyadej and the Royal Family Members to Phetchaburi Province 2019-12-25T10:07:50+07:00 สัญญา ธีระเดชอุปถัมภ์ golden.teak.journal@gmail.com สมพร ประกอบชาติ golden.teak.journal@gmail.com โฉมยง โต๊ะทอง golden.teak.journal@gmail.com ปิยวรรณ คุสินธุ์ golden.teak.journal@gmail.com อภิรัตน์ วงศ์ศุภชาติ golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>The study had 3 objectives which were 1) to study the proceeds of His Majesty the Late King Bhumibol Adulyadej and the royal family members to Phetchaburi Province ; 2) to analyze the proceeds of the Late King and the Royal Family on royal duties in the Province in order to conduct academic database and 3) to synthesize the proceeds of His Majesty the Late King Bhumibol in the form of time series photo book. Varieties of qualitative methods were applied according to the situations. Starting with documentary study, interviewing with academic and community people, meetings were conducted with specialists as well as community people in order to recheck the data. The final phase was home visit to the community which involved snowball sampling method. The data were analyzed by content analysis and analytic and synthetic description The study revealed that starting from 1946 to 2013, His Majesty the Late King Bhumibol Adulyadej has paid his visit to all 8 Amphoes in the province. There were 293 days but 304 times as sometimes the royal duties were found occurring in 2 places. During the time, there were 18 Royal Family membered that visited the province. Some were the retinues and some performed the royal duties. In analyzing the proceeds, it was found that there were 109 royal initiative projects in the province. The projects can be divided into 8 categories according to the specification of the Office of the Royal Development Project Board. In synthesizing the proceeds of His Majesty the Late King Bhumibol Adulyadej to the province, a photo book in the form of time series were published in 4 color printing with not less than 500 pictures and it was 360 pages.</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231449 A Study of Personality Basedon the Concept of Myers Briggs of First Year Students Faculty of Education of the Rajabhat University of Upper North-Eastern Region of Thailand 2019-12-25T10:12:45+07:00 ธนัญญา ธีระอกนิษฐ์ golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>A study of Personality based on the concept of Myers Briggs of 1<sup>st</sup> year student faculty of education of The Rajabhat Universities of Upper North-eastern Region of Thailand. Purposes of the study of Personality based on the concept of Myers Briggs of 1<sup>st</sup> year student faculty of education of The Rajabhat Universities of Upper North-eastern Region of Thailand. The sample group of the study was 1<sup>st</sup> year students of Faculty of Education, Rajabhat Universities of Upper North-eastern Region of Thailand., the total of 602 students. Research Instruments for data collection consisted of The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). The data analysis and statistics used for data analysis are as follows: Personality Analysis of Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) as a whole. Data were analyzed using percentage, mean, and standard deviation, respectively.The results of this study suggest that the Meyer Brigde (MBTI) personality trait of the first year students of the Faculty of Education, Northeastern Rajabhat University. The following are the most common (ISTJstudents who are serious, calm, meditators, and pondered for answers. Focus on practicality, based on facts and sequencing. The core of truth and dependability.) Next The most common practice (SP) found was that (ISFP students were shy. Have a friendly, quiet, sensitive, modest, not fast or stressful.)Next, the educator (NT) found that most of them (ENTJ students are warm, cordial, sincere, well-educated, highly capable leaders in the field of activities. Use mindfulness and reason to be a world-class person and like to learn the lesson.Lastly, the searcher (NF) found that most (INFP students are full of faith and loyalty. Pay attention to learning. Ideas and Language Social skills are adaptable,flexible, friendly.</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231456 Condition and Obstacles of Border Trade at a Border Crossing Station of Pueng klueng Village, Umphang District, Tak Province 2019-12-25T10:21:23+07:00 ธีรศิลป์ กันธา golden.teak.journal@gmail.com อังคณา ตาเสนา golden.teak.journal@gmail.com มัลลิกา ทองเอม golden.teak.journal@gmail.com วิชานนท์ ผ่องจิตร golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>The research studied condition and obstacles of border trade at a border crossing station of Puengklueng village, Umphang district, Tak province. Groups of informants were import-export merchants using Puengklueng border crossing station and representatives from related state agencies. The data is collected by conducting surveys and interviews. The obtained data were analyzed by Content Analysis. The findings found that general condition of the border trade is trade between Thailand and Myanmar. The border crossing station is a natural trade channel. Major export items includes agricultural machinery, construction equipment, and consumer goods. Major import items includes cattle, and agricultural products such as betel nuts, coconuts, dry chillies and antimony ore. The main problem and obstacles of the border trade is inconvenient transportation.</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231464 Developmental Guidelines for Elderly Care of Elders with Dependency in Nakhon Chum Sub-District, Mueang District, Kamphaengphet Province 2019-12-25T10:32:59+07:00 ราตรี โพธิ์ระวัช golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>This research aims to 1) Evaluate the Elderly Care of Elders with Dependency in&nbsp;Nakhon Chum Sub-District, Mueang District, Kamphaengphet Province. 2) Study the Need of&nbsp; the Elderly Care of Elders with Dependency in Nakhon Chum Sub-District, Mueang District, Kamphaengphet Province. 3) Guideline to developing the Elderly Care of Elders with Dependency in Nakhon Chum Sub-District, Mueang District, Kamphaengphet Province.&nbsp;The research procedure was divided into 2 steps as follows; 1) Evaluate data were analyzed from (Barthel ADL index) 350 questionnaires and the interview&nbsp;was performed by the related in the Elderly Care of Elders person. The data were analyzed by using frequency, percentage, and content analysis. The results&nbsp;were found;&nbsp; 1) The Evaluation of the&nbsp;Elderly Care of Elders with Dependency in Nakhon Chum Sub-District, Mueang District, Kamphaengphet Province&nbsp;dependency 98%, there&nbsp;was&nbsp;separated by moderated dependence was 1 %, and severed Depression was 1%. 2) Study the Need of the&nbsp;Elderly Care of Elders with Dependency in&nbsp;Nakhon&nbsp;Chum Sub-District,&nbsp;Mueang&nbsp;District,&nbsp;Kamphaengphet&nbsp;Province&nbsp;found Healthcare providers need&nbsp;to get&nbsp;the education&nbsp;health of themselves before illness, supporting from the health department, and consumer&nbsp;goods.&nbsp; 3) Guideline to developing the&nbsp;Elderly Care of Elders with Dependency in Nakhon Chum Sub-District, Mueang District, Kamphaengphet Province was participated in care&nbsp;planning to develop&nbsp;a continuum of dependency care services for the elderly, monitoring, evaluating and providing knowledge and support to caregivers of older adults.</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231470 The study for Business Administration Program in Marketing improvement approach to ASEAN Economic Community : AEC 2019-12-25T10:41:34+07:00 อิสรีย์ ด่อนคร้าม golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>The study for Business Administration Program in Marketing improvement approach to accommodate AEC aims for 1) To assess the business administration program in marketing, the faculty of management 2012 (revised version) 2) To study for an expectancy of the faculty of management on marketing graduates’ users at the Kamphaeng Phet Rajabhat University. 3) To find an approach for developments and improvements on the business administration program in marketing, the faculty of management, the Kamphaeng Phet Rajabhat University by applying quantitative research approaches on objectives 1,2 , and qualitative approach on objective 3. Population subjects are graduates’ users (entrepreneurs, employers), 2<sup>nd</sup> and 3 rd year undergraduate students, related personnel (lecturers in the marketing division). Toro Yamame principle was used to choose the sample group.The result showed; The first objective: To assess the business administration program in marketing, the faculty of management 2012 (revised version), according to opinions given by related personnel.&nbsp;Assessment result shown an average opinion score given by related personnel on high level (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}">=4.16) On import factors, an overall average high score was shown (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}">=4.13) On the process, an overall average maximum score was shown (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}">=4.22) On the pruducts, an overall average maximum score was shown (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}">=4.25) The second objective: To study for an expectancy of the faculty of management on marketing graduates’ users at the Kamphaeng Phet Rajabhat University. Assessment result shown an expectancy of related personnel as follows On ethics, an overall average maximum expectancy score was shown (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}">=4.38) On human relation and responsibility, an overall average maximum &nbsp;expectancy score was shown (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}">=4.39) On numerical analysis, communication, and information technology skills, an overall average high expectancy score was shown (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}">=4.06) The third objective: To find an approach for developments and improvements on the business administration program in marketing, the faculty of management, the Kamphaeng Phet Rajabhat University The study result shown the strong aspect of the business administration program in marketing, the faculty of management as perceived by related personnel as follows; This program is appropriate, top quality, and produced graduates fit to the context. It used small import factors but gained the best product. The program is correspond with student needs, and could efficiently integrate knowledge to practical works. The important element is the program encourages its students to proceed as administrators, thinkers, academics suitable for local region and the country as expected from the users. The characters of marketing graduates to support AEC are centered on ethics, followed by honesty, discipline, responsibility, well-behavior, kindness, punctuality, and harmony, for example. Therefore, education activities should incorporated with student operated projects, being assessed after project ended, that would make them practice their skills in every aspect to be able to solve the problems at hands. The lecturers in marketing division have suggestions on the development of the program from the meeting results on 22 January 2015 at the marketing division board meeting room that the students should be more developed through actual practices, and this should be integrated within various courses of the marketing division as seen fit for each courses, and there should be cooperation between education sector, government sector, and private sector to make student partake in activities that could give an inspiration, realization, and learning in an actual situations using holidays, and in-class activities. However, the characters of the division’s education should be conveyed to their parents through invitations to participate in the class to get the whole picture. This could be yet another approach to make awareness on teaching activities by joint activities among three parties, including education institute, students, and their parents, by which corresponding to the 21<sup>st</sup> century graduate’s characters.</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231486 The development of blended learning using activity-based to think out of the box techniques for encourage creativity at the undergraduate level 2019-12-25T10:50:30+07:00 วิชา เลี่ยมสกุล golden.teak.journal@gmail.com ทรงศักดิ์ สองสนิท golden.teak.journal@gmail.com พงศ์ธร โพธิ์พูลศักดิ์ golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>The research was divided into three phases: 1) problem analysis, 2) development of a blended learning model and 3) model implementation. In the first phase, the author focused on analyzing the problems of creative thinking of undergraduate students of Rajabhat Universities and the problems of instructional management for undergraduate students of Rajabhat Universities. In the second phase, the author developed a blended learning model by using activity-based learning with lateral thinking technique and assessed the appropriateness of the model for improving undergraduate-level creative thinking skills. In the third phase, the author implemented the instructional model with the second year students of the Computer Education Program at Rajabhat Mahasarakham University and assessed the efficiency of the model and surveyed the satisfaction of the students with the instructional model for improving creative thinking. The samples were selected by simple random sampling. The research results showed that the overall creative thinking of Rajabhat university undergraduate students was at a moderate level, and the problem of the instruction on creative thinking of&nbsp; Rajabhat universities was at a high level. Regarding the blended learning model, the average appropriateness of the model for improving creative thinking&nbsp; of undergraduate students of Rajabhat universities was at&nbsp; a high level (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}">= 4.35). The findings indicated that the efficiency of the model for improving creative thinking of Rajabhat university students was 80/80. Additionally, the findings revealed that the average creative thinking of the experimental group and control group was significantly different at the .05 level. The average creative thinking of the students after using the blended learning model improved significantly. Finally, the overall satisfaction of the students with the blended learning model was at the highest level (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}">&nbsp;= 4.51).</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231490 Development of Strategies to Promote Quality of Life for the aging in Loei Province 2019-12-25T10:59:05+07:00 อาวุธ อมรทวีสิน golden.teak.journal@gmail.com ภัทรธิรา ผลงาม golden.teak.journal@gmail.com จุลดิษฐ อุปฮาต golden.teak.journal@gmail.com นัยนา อรรจนาทร golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>The purposes of this research were to develop, implement and evaluate the strategies to improve the quality of life of the aging in Loei Province. This study is a Participatory Action Research that employed both quantitative and qualitative methods. The focus group discussion techniques, a brain storming session, an in-depth interview, and a participatory observation were used to obtain the qualitative data. Questionnaires and the ageing’s health profiles were used to obtain the quantitative data. From a development of the strategies to develop the quality of life of the aging in Loei province, 4 strategies were obtained. These strategies were as follows : 1) the strategy to improve the well-being of the ageing, 2) the&nbsp;strategy to improve the advancement of family relations, 3) the strategy to promote the participation of the ageing in the community cultural preservation, and 4) the strategy to support the participation of ageing in developing economy of society/community. After the implementation of the activities of all four strategies to develop the quality of life of the aging in Loei province for two quarters, the evaluation of the strategies had shown that the ageing participated in different activities. They were healthy, happy, and free from loneliness and stress. They also had economic well-being. Products created by the ageing group also created supplementary jobs and income.</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231493 The Development Management Model Toward Excellence of Small-Size Schools under Kamphaengphet Primary Educational Service Area Office 1 2019-12-25T14:31:36+07:00 ศรวัส ศิริ golden.teak.journal@gmail.com พิสมัย รบชนะชัย พูลสุข golden.teak.journal@gmail.com ณัฐฐินันท์ พราหมณ์สังข์ golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>The purpose of this research was to develop management model toward excellence of small-sized schools under Kamphaeng Phet primary educational service area office 1. The research comprised 3 phases as follows: 1) to study the state and problem of management model toward excellence of small-sized schools; 2) to develop and validate the management model toward excellence of small-sized schools; 3) to evaluate the management model toward excellence of small-sized schools and 4) to conduct a manual, proposed policy, and practical policy of the using of management model toward excellence of small-sized schools. The research findings revealed that even though the first phase, the state and problem of academic administration, budgeting administration, personnel administration and general administration performed and obeyed the rules and administrative regulations strictly, there were ambiguous in some aspects. The second phase showed that the key components of the development management model toward excellence of small-sized schools consisted of 7 components. The finding of the third phase showed that the evaluation levels of management model toward excellence of small-sized schools were found at the highest levels. The result of the last phase in this research revealed that the appropriateness of the manual, proposed policy, and practical policy of using the management model toward excellence of small-sized schools was validated at the highest level of applicability.</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231542 Model to Enhancement the Performance of University Employers (Support Line) in Northern Rajabhat Universities, Thailand 2019-12-25T14:41:21+07:00 เลเกีย เขียวดี golden.teak.journal@gmail.com พิสมัย รบชนะชัย พูลสุข golden.teak.journal@gmail.com พธูรำไพ ประภัสสร golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>This research aims : 1) to study the Performance of University employers in the Lower Northern Rajabhat Universities, Thailand; 2) to study the problems and demand for working competency of the employers in the Lower Northern Rajabhat Universities, Thailand; 3) to develop a working competency model of the employers in the Lower Northern Rajabhat Universities, Thailand; and 4) to develop the manuals and policy recommendations and action on the working competency of the employers in the Lower Northern Rajabhat Universities, Thailand. The sample in this research includes executives, government officers, and the employers in the Lower Northern Rajabhat Universities, and the research instruments used assessment are interview guidelines and questionnaires. Statistical Package was used to analyze the mean, percentage, standard deviation and content analysis. The research results were found as follows: 1. The working competency of the employers in the Lower Northern Rajabhat Universities, Thailand was at high levels, including secondary achievement motivation, expertise, and teamwork. In the interview results, the most consistent aspects are knowledge and skill development in work, integrity, and strengthening the core values ​​and core competencies of the university. 2. The problems and Needs of the employers in the Lower Northern Rajabhat Universities were high. The most common problems were service mind set, secondary, integrity and teamwork. Assessment in suitability possibility and usefulness were at higher levels. 4. The preparation manual policy and action recommendations in the working competency model of the employers in Lower Northern Rajabhat Universities, Thailand were highly suitable with working manual.</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231549 Effect of Inquiry Approach Embedded with Peer Instruction on Light and Vision Concepts of Grade 11 Students 2019-12-25T14:48:04+07:00 ฐิติคมภ์ เขนย golden.teak.journal@gmail.com เดชา ศุภพิทยาภรณ์ golden.teak.journal@gmail.com นิคม พงษ์ประเสริฐ golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>This research studies the result of inquiry embedded with peer instruction approach on 36 grade 11 students’ concepts of light and vision at Arunothai Wittayakom School, Chiang Mai. Most students are from different ethnics groups whose Thai is not used as first language. The research tools are; 1) 5 inquiry embedded with peer instruction lesson plans which were verified by several experts in the field, and 2) a light and vision concepts inventory which was validated to be acceptable. The learning engagement was done in the 2<sup>nd</sup> semester of 2017 academic year and lasted for 20 hours (4 weeks). The analysis of pre-post scores, considering the class average normalized gain (&lt;g&gt;), it indicates that the gain is 0.27 which means that the students’ light and vision concepts were only slightly improved. The engagement needed to be refined in detail for a better result, e.g., to improve teacher-students communication in the engagement with Thai language which seems to be the main obstacle for enhancing ethnic groups students’ concepts.</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tgt/article/view/231552 Evaluating the Supplementary Food Project (Milk) of Schools under Local Administration, Bueangkarn Province 2019-12-25T14:54:11+07:00 ถิรวัฒน์ ปิตกภัทรากร golden.teak.journal@gmail.com อาทิตย์ อาจหาญ golden.teak.journal@gmail.com พงศกร พิมพะนิตย์ golden.teak.journal@gmail.com <p>The objectives of the research were to evaluate the context of the supplementary food project side of content, side of import factor, side of process, side of productivity. This research qualitative method, questionnaire was used with 467 samples. Data were analyzed by basic statistics include deviation and standard deviation. Results of the research were as follows: The findings showed that the average evaluation of the supplementary food project of schools was at the highest level Regarding four items of the evaluation, the findings revealed that: 1) The overall opinion of the school administrators was at the highest level. 2) The overall opinion of the school administrators was at the highest level. 3) The overall opinion of the school administrators was at a high level. 4) The overall opinion of the school administrators was at the highest level.</p> 2019-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c)