The Assessment of the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution and the Dispute Settlement Mechanisms on Liability Claims

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Samanan Kittijarot


                   The objective of this article is to examine the effectiveness of the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution (ATHP) and the Dispute Settlement Mechanisms on Liability Claims. In Southeast Asia, transboundary haze pollution, particularly from Indonesia’s forest fires created massive transboundary haze pollution and had a devastating effect on biodiversity in the world. ASEAN has initiated several relevant plans to cope with the transboundary environmental crisis. However, the “ASEAN Ways” which referred to a regional style of engagement, dealing on a “consultation” and “consensus” basis, has causing the ATHP to be ineffective. Furthermore, the non-intervention policy of ASEAN member, the domestic politics, the patronage networks and corruption within Indonesia, have caused the ATHP to be ineffectiveness mechanism on its own for dealing with transboundary haze pollution. In this regard, the possible solutions under the ASEAN Charter will be examined.

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บทความวิจัย (Research Article)


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