Using Reverse Osmosis for Chloride Salts and Natural Organic Matter (NOM) Removal

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สุพัฒน์พงษ์ มัตราช
วรวุฒิ เอี่ยมชูเพชร

Abstract

This research was to study the performance of chloride salts and natural organic matter (NOM) removal using reverse osmosis (RO).  Different chloride salts (i.e. magnesium chloride, calcium chloride, sodium chloride, potassium chloride) and NOM were tested under crossflow reverse osmosis membrane. Different ionic strengths of 0.01 M and 0.05 M were determined with different operating pressures of 20, 40, and 60 psi. Experimental results revealed that increased ionic strengths caused reductions of solution flux and salt rejection measured from conductivity, due to increased osmotic pressure from salt concentration at the membrane surface. Increased operating pressures increased solution flux, increasing pressure differences across the membrane surface. NOM concentration of 2 mg/L caused a greater flux decline with similar ionic strength, accumulating NOM at the membrane surface. The rejections of natural organic matter measured by UV254 nm were relatively high more than 95%.  Additionally, increased ionic strengths with NOM composition caused a slight reduction in NOM rejection, possibly due to reduced charge repulsion between positively charged chloride salts and negatively charged NOM.

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References

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