Determination of microplastics in soil and leachate from the Landfills

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Athit Puthcharoen
Suchat Leungprasert

Abstract

Microplastics (MPs) from soil and leachate at the landfill sites located around the gulf of Thailand were determined. The 12 soil samples and 10 leachates from the landfills were collected and were analyzed by using the density separation technique. The average of MPs from soil samples and leachates were 1457.99±489.71 Items/1Kg.dryweight and 20.90±4.96 Items/1Kg.dryweight, respectively. There are 5 specific plastic shapes, including fibers, films, sphere, granules and irregular were determined from the microplastics. Resulting from Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis is indicated that 3 main types of microplastics from the landfill are Polyethylene (PE), Polypropylene (PP), and Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET). This was confirmed by the types of plastic wastes found in the landfills. As a result, microplastics can occur in the landfill whether the age of the landfills is still young. This research could be concluded that the landfills were one of the main sources for releasing microplastics to the environment. The further study, the degradation rate and the other routes of plastics that may cause microplastics contaminated in the environment will be studied.

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References

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