A Conceptual Framework for Health Justice During the COVID-19 Pandemic from 20th March 2020 to 31st August 2021: A Case Study of the COVID-19 Vaccine Strategy in Thailand

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Pakpoom Saengkanokkul


The article is qualitative research using the document review. This research has objective to review literature, theories and current concepts referring to the inequality of health, justice, health prevention and synthesizes a conceptual framework of health justice during the COVID-19 pandemic. Besides, the impact of COVID-19 pandemic and the negative impact of COVID-19 control measures differs significantly among different groups, which the most vulnerable group are the one who face with the most severe effects. This pandemic is complicated. It involves not only the healthcare system, but economic, social, and political system in general. Moreover, with scarcity of health resources, allocation of might not be enough for everybody’s needs, which raises important questions regarding social justice. This article conducted a review of literature on justice and a synthesis of a conceptual framework of health justice under the context of COVID-19 pandemic by means of integration of concepts of health risk management, social health determinants and health justice. This article also used this synthesized concept to analyze a case study of the COVID-19 vaccine strategy in Thailand. It found that the strategy should have strengthened both procedural justice and distributive justice. But it implemented a no-fault compensation program for the COVID-19 vaccines which is crucial for improving corrective justice. This study proposed that 1) disease control should encompass procedural justice, distributive justice, and corrective justice 2) resources shall not limited to efficiency or success in disease control; but needs to involve equity, liberty, and economic impacts. 3) Collaboration between national level, community and society level, individual level is important to control disease.

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Saengkanokkul, P. . (2022). A Conceptual Framework for Health Justice During the COVID-19 Pandemic from 20th March 2020 to 31st August 2021: A Case Study of the COVID-19 Vaccine Strategy in Thailand. Political Science and Public Administration Journal, 13(2), 75–112. Retrieved from https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscicmujournal/article/view/254768
Research Article


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