The Housing Design for Disaster Relief in The Lao People’s Democratic Republic

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เทบพะวง ไชโกสี
บัณฑิต จุลาสัย


The Purpose of the research was to offer a house for disaster victims in the Lao People's Democratic Republic, that can respond as emergency shelters, temporary shelters and permanent residences at the same time. In order to meet the needs of house for victims. According to the preliminary study, form, materials and labors were 3 most significant points that have impacts on shelters for victims. Moreover, the building design must be simple, adaptable and firm. Local construction method and light-weight material should also be use in the house, as a result of self-help construction and using less labors.
From the study, the proposed house is a one-story rectangular building with lean-to metal sheet roof, the house size is 3.00 x 6.00 meters. The house can be divided into 2 parts, which are the interior space for sleeping and storage, and the external space for other activities. Cold rolled steel placed on precast columns was selected for the main structure. The exterior floor was built by the reinforced concrete, while a steel structure topped with a layer of fiber-cement board is proposed to be an elevated interior floor. A steel frame lining with fiber-cement board is also be used on the wall.
When applied the proposal to the site area in Vientiane Lao PDR. It took 24 days to complete. During that time, heavy rain occurred almost everyday. If the site has good whether condition, the house could be finished in 9 days. The total budget was 70,290 bahts which is separated into 50,290 bahts for material and 20,000 bahts for 2 labors. According to the survey, most of occupants with the house was satisfied. On the other hand, there were several problems including insufficient openings and natural light inside the house, and easily broken vertical battens. There is also a leaking during rain because of short eaves.
The suggestions were into account for future improvement of the house design to be more suitable for disaster victims in the Lao People's Democratic Republic.

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