Pgaz k’n yau Youth’s Learning Process and Outcomes Based on Geoinformatics for Landuse Management in Protected Area Tha Song Yang, Tak Province

Main Article Content

ศศิธร โคสุวรรณ (Sasithon Kosuwan)
พีรเทพ รุ่งคุณากร (Bheeradhev Rungkhunakorn)


The objectives of this research were to study the Karen youth’s learning process and outcomes based on geoinformatics for landuse management in the protected area

Tha Song Yang,Tak Province. The research was conducted by using ethnographic research

and the data was collected by using semi-structured in-depth interviews and focus group.

The informants were 13 Phaka Khayaw young people, 5 stakeholders, participating in the research project on natural resource management in the forest and landuse area in Ban Mae Omya and Ban Khun Mae Wei. Data was analyzed by using content analysis and then the results presented as descriptive writing.

The research findings were as follows: 1) There were 3 phrase and 6 stages learning processes of the Phaka Khayaw youth. The first stage (Initiation stage: I) consisted process 1. Awareness 2. Preparation. The second phrase (Cultivation stage: C) consisted process 3. Perception 4. Practice, and The third phrase (Transformation stage: T) consisted process 5. Initiation and process 6. Transformation. 2) The learning outcome of Phaka Khayaw (Karen) youth consisted 3 dimensions which were 1. Practical dimension 2.Communicative dimension and 3. Identity and Emancipatory dimension.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details



Aiamsaart, N. and others. (2017). “The Effect of Motivation Program on The Drinking
Behavior Among Persons With Alcohol Dependence”. Psychiatric Nursing and
Mental Health 31(2) :120-135. (in Thai)
Anupanpong, A. (2007). Houses of Paka-kyaw Karen : Sustainability and Adaptability on
Cultural Ecology in Ratation Farming. Master of Arts Graduate School Silpakorn
University. (in Thai)
Auengpaibul, P. (2003). A Development of The Community Learning Process Model for
Sustainable Development : Multi case studies. Doctor of Philosophy Thesis
Program in Non-Formal Education Graduate School Chulalongkorn University.
(in Thai)
Boonsin, S. (2015). Activityes of Lifelong Learning to Promote Hermonious Living of
Multicultural communities. Master of Education Thesis Program in Non-Formal
Education Graduate School Chulalongkorn University. (in Thai)
Cronbach,L.J. (1963). Education Psychology. New York : Harcourt Brace And Word,Inc
Deci,E.L.,Ryan,R.M. (1990). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior.New Youk:Plenum press.
Garrison,K.C., & Milcs, M.S. (1989). Education psychology. Columbus:Charles E.Merrill.
Kanchanaphan,A. (1995). The evolution of arable land reclamation in forest areas: a
case study of the northern region. Thailand Development Research Institute.

Lohitwisas, S. (2001). Philosophy of Adult & Nonformal Education. Faculty of Education
Srinakharinwirot University. (in Thai)
Luengaramsri, P. (1996). Indigenous ecology of wisdom: a case study of the Karen
community In Thungyai Naresuan Forest. Bangkok: Living and Nature Restoration
Project. (in Thai)
Mezirow, J. (1991). Transformative Dimensions of Adult Learning. San Francisco, CA : Jossey-Bass
Ministry of culture, (2011). Policy guidelines for restoring Karen People’s lifestyles.
Bangkok Chulalongkorn University Printing. (in Thai)
Office of the Non-Formal and Informal Education, (2019). Policies and operational focus
Office of Non-Formal Education. [Online]. Retrieved July 27,2019, from
Pitak, J. (2012). Praticipatory Action Research to Develop a Community Learning
Process on Adolescent Sexuality. Doctor of Philosophy Thesis Program in Non-
Formal Education Graduate School Chulalongkorn University. (in Thai)
Pradubwate, R. (2017). “Technology Learning Management Guidelines by using Bloom’s
Taxonomy”. Veridian E-Journal Silpakorn University. 10 (3) : 1051-1065
Pulsukkho, S. (2012). Alternative Education Management by the Pga K’nyau.
Master of Education Thesis Program in Non Formal Education Graduate School
Chiang mai University. (in Thai)
Rungkhunakorn, B. (2013). A development of Perspective Transformation Process for
Abused Thai Women in Intimate Relationships. Doctor of Education Thesis
Program in Lifelong Education and Human Development Graduate School Silpakorn
University. (in Thai)
Sarahongsa, N. (2018). “The Cultural Potential of Skaw Karen: Dynamic Management of
Community Based Cultural Tourism in Mae Hong Son Province”. Graduate Studies in Northern Rajabhat Universities 8 (14) : 87-102.
Sakulsiriparinda, N. (2018). A Study of Psychlogical and Psycho-social Factors Effecting
Conceptual Process of Master of Arts in Buddhist Psychology Student’s Instructions in the Department of Psychology,Faculty of Humanities, Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University, Wangnoi District, Phra Nakhon Si-Ayutthaya Province. Master of Arts Thesis Program Buddhist Psychology Graduate School Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University. (in Thai)
Senhom, J. and others. (2019). “Self-Reliance of Non-Formal Education Students in
Bangkok”. okhon Lampang Buddhist College’s 8 (1) : 251-262. (in Thai)
Tansiri, W. (1996). “Guidelines for Thai education reform in the Globalization era”. The Teacher Civil 16 (3) : 12-16.
Valdemar Lima Bhopal, S. (2008). A Guide to Thinking about the Meaning of Landscape
Culture Internal education and local awareness. Bangkok : Lek-prapai viriyahpant foundation. (in Thai)
Wasinghon, C. (2015). The Technique in Evaluate Achievement of Interior Design
Knowledge for 4 th year Student in INT415 (Interior Design5). Sripatum
University. (in Thai)