The Analysis of Thai Language Influenced by the Social Status of People, for Developing Approaches to Teach Thai Language: A Case Study on the Strategy of Using Thai Language in Opening and Closing Phone Conversations

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ชลธิชา หอมฟุ้ง
สมพร ร่วมสุข (Somporn Ruamsuk)
กฤษณะ ลำทะแย (Kritsana Lumthaya)
รจนา คานึงผล (Rodchana Khumnungphon)
วันวิสาห์ ปัญญาจิรวุฒิ (Wanwisa Punyajirawiti)
ไพรินทร์ พึ่งพงษ์ (Phairin PungPong)

Abstract

The purposes of this research were, 1) to analyse the Thai language using in opening and closing conversation by phone. 2) To study the relevance between people’s social status with Thai language using in opening and closing conversation by phone. And 3) to analyse of approach in teaching Thai language subject using opening and closing conversation by phone. The samples of this research was the students of Thai language teaching major, faculty of Education, Silpakorn University in 2016 academic year. The research instruments used for this research were the question and the analysis document form. The mean, standard deviation of items, content analysis and percentage were used to analyse the data. The research findings mainly are :


1) The results of analysis of the Thai language using in opening and closing conversation by phone, in term of opening conversation by phone found 1 strategy is summons; that can separate into 5 sub-strategies are 1) greeting 2) exclamation 3)address 4) attention getter by using the question and 5) agreement word. The most common digesting strategy was greeting. In term of the strategy used to end telephone conversations, it was found that the most commonly used strategies were reasoning. The reasoning separate into 2 ways are: direct reasoning and in direct reasoning.


  1. 2. The results of study the relevance between people’s social status with Thai language using in opening and closing conversation by phone found that; the people’s social status and social distance have the impact for people to use Thai language in opening and closing conversation by phone. The samples used very formal and very politeness language with the people who have higher social status and high social distance (teacher). About the people who have equal social status, but have high social distance, the sample used formal and politeness language (neighbors and strangers). In the case of the people who have higher social status and have less social distance, the sample used informally and not much politeness language (parents).The sample used informal and less politeness language with the people who have equal social status and very less social distance (friends).

  2. The results of analyse the approach in teaching Thai language subject using opening and closing conversation by phone found that, the researcher can create 16 activity approaches. The 16 activity approaches can separate into 4 groups of standard in Thai language follow the Basic Education Core Curriculum B.E. 2551 (A.D. 2008) are, Strand 1: Reading, Strand 2: Writing, Strand 3: Listening, Viewing and Speaking and Strand 4: Principles of Thai Language Usage. Each approach had high level of quality average () at 5.00 and had standard deviation at 0.00 by experts. Its means every activity approaches can take to use in classroom.

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บทความวิจัย

References

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