Effect of Ethylene Diamine Tetraacetic Acid (EDTA) and Nitrilotriacetic Acid (NTA) on Cadmium Removal by Hydroponics with Moff Dwarf Napier Grass (Pennisetum purpureum CV. MOTT)

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มนทิรา สุขเจริญ
พันธวัศ สัมพันธ์พานิช


The effects of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) on cadmium removal by hydroponics with Moff dwarf napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum CV. MOTT) were studied. The experimental design was separated into 5 groups: 1) uncontaminated water (control). 2) contaminated water without addition of chelating agent (control). 3) contaminated water with EDTA addition in the ratio of 1:0.5 and 1:1 mole. 4) contaminated water with NTA addition in the ratio of 1:0.5 and 1:1 mole. 5) contaminated water with  both EDTA and NTA addition in the ratio of 1:0.5 and 1:1 mole. Plants and water samples were collected at 1, 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90 and 105 days, respectively. Cd levels in contaminated water and two parts of the plant: shoot (stem and leaves) and root were analyzed by AAS. Results showed that Cd accumulation in root in all experimental groups was higher than Cd accumulation in shoot. Cd concentration in plants grown in contaminated water with EDTA and NTA addition was higher than that in the control groups. It indicates that EDTA and NTA addition increases cadmium uptake by Moff dwarf napier grass. The highest Cd concentrations of 889.31 and 638.98 mg/kg at 30 days were found in root with EDTA and NTA, respectively. The highest Cd concentrations of 256.97 and 255.25 mg/kg at 30 days were found in shoot with EDTA and NTA, respectively. Therefore, it can be implies that EDTA had greater effect on cadmium uptake than NTA.


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