Rhetorical Move Structures and Linguistic Realizations of Abstracts in ICT Research Articles and Master’s Theses

Main Article Content

Wirada Amnuai


Genre analysis has been used to examine the organizational structures of academic and professional writing. The objectives of this paper are to illustrate how abstracts in two different corpora were organized and realized in terms of functional meaning and also to investigate their grammatical features. Two sets of data were collected and analyzed using Hyland’s (2000) model. Differences were found in the frequency of occurrence of Introduction and Conclusion moves. Voice usage in the two corpora was clearly different. The findings provide insightful knowledge of rhetorical patterns and the use of lexico-grammatical features in each move in the abstracts. It is expected that the findings will assist novice writers or graduate students, particularly those in the field of information and communication technology in organizing their academic abstracts.

Article Details

How to Cite
Amnuai, W. . (2019). Rhetorical Move Structures and Linguistic Realizations of Abstracts in ICT Research Articles and Master’s Theses. Connexion: Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 8(1), 157–184. Retrieved from https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/MFUconnexion/article/view/241189
Research article


Ahmed, S. (2015) Rhetorical organization of tourism research article abstracts, Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 208, pp. 269-281.

Alhuqbani, M. N. (2013) Genre-based analysis of Arabic research article abstracts across four disciplines, Journal of Educational and Social Research, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 371-382.

Al-Khasawneh, F. M. (2017) A genre analysis of research article abstracts written by native and non-native speakers of English, Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1-13.

Al-Shujairi, Y. B. J., et al. (2016) Role of moves, tenses, and metadiscourse in the abstract of an acceptable research article, Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 379-386.

Al-Zubaidi, K. O. (2012) Academic writing of Arab postgraduate students: Discussing the main language issues, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 66, pp. 46-52.

Andrews, R. (2000) Learning, literacy and ICT: What’s the connection?, English in Education, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 3-18.

Becker, D. A., & Chiware, E. R. T. (2015) Citation analysis of masters' thesis and doctoral dissertations: Balancing library collections with students' research information needs, Journal of Academic Librarianship, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 613-620.

Bonn, V. S., & Swales, J. M. (2007) English and French journal abstracts in the language sciences: Three exploratory studies, Journal of English for Academic Purposes, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 93-108.

Bhatia, V. K. (1993) Analysing genre: Language use in professional settings, New York: Longman Publishing.

Bunton, D. (2002) ‘Generic moves in Ph.D. thesis introductions’, in J. Flowerdew (ed.), Academic discourse, pp. 57-75, London: Longman.

Bunton, D. (2005) The structure of Ph.D. conclusion chapters, Journal of English for Academic Purposes, vol. 4, pp. 207-224.

Bitchener, J., & Basturkmen, H. (2006) Perceptions of the difficulties of postgraduate L2 thesis students writing the discussion section, English for Academic Purposes, vol. 5, pp. 4-18.

Canagarajah, S. (1996) Nondiscursive requirements in academic publishing, material resources of periphery scholars, and the politics of knowledge production, Written Communication, vol. 13, pp. 435-472.

Cooley, L., & Lewkowicz, J. (2003) Dissertation writing in practice: Turning ideas into text, Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.

Crookes, G. (1986) Towards a validated analysis of scientific text structure, Applied Linguistics, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 57-70.

Darabad, A. M. (2016) Move analysis of research article abstracts: A cross-disciplinary study, International of Linguistics, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 125-140.

Duszak, A. (1994) Academic discourse and intellectual styles, Journal of Pragmatics, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 291-313.

Esfandiari. (2014) Realization of rhetorical moves and verb tense variation in two disciplines of computer sciences: Artificial intelligence and architecture, International Journal of Language Learning and Applied Linguistics World, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 564-573.

Flowerdew, J. (2000) Discourse community, legitimate peripheral participation, and the nonnative-English-speaking scholar, TESOL Quarterly, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 27-149.

Flowerdew, J. (2001) Attitudes of journal editors to nonnative speaker contributions, TESOL Quarterly, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 121-150.

Hanidar, S. (2016) Rhetorical patterns, verb tenses, and voice in cross disciplinary research article abstracts, Humaniora, vol. 28, no.1, pp. 12-27.

Hirano, E. (2009) Research article introductions in English for specific purposes: A comparison between Brazilian Portuguese and English, English for Specific Purposes, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 240-250.

Hismanoklu, M. (2011) The integration of information and communication technology into current ELT course books: A critical analysis, Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 15, pp. 37-45.

Huang, P. (2009) A comparison of international and Chinese journal article abstracts: From move structure to transitivity analysis, The Linguistics Journal, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 23-45.

Hyland, K. (2000) Disciplinary discourses: Social interactions in academic writing, Harlow: Pearson Education.

Hyland, K. (2016) Academic publishing and the myth of linguistic injustice, Journal of Second Language Writing, vol. 31, pp. 58-69.

Hyland, K., & Tse, P. (2005) Hooking the reader: A corpus study of evaluative that in abstracts, English for Specific Purposes, vol. 24, no. 2, pp.123-139.

Hüttner, J., et al. (2009) ESP teacher education at the interface of theory and practice: Introducing a model of mediated corpus-based genre analysis, System, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 99-109.

Kafes, H. (2012) Cultural traces on the rhetorical organization of research article abstracts, International Journal on New Trends in Education and Their Implications, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 207-220.

Kamler, B., & Thomson, P. (2006) Helping doctoral students write: Pedagogies for supervision, New York: Routledge.

Kanoksilapatham, B. (2005) Rhetorical structure of biochemistry research articles, English for Specific Purposes, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 269-292.

Kanoksilapatham, B. (2012) Structure of research article introductions in three Engineering subdisciplines, IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 294-309.

Klimova, B. F. (2011) Making academic writing real with ICT, Procedia Computer Science, vol. 3, pp. 133-137.

Kwan, B. S. C. (2006) The schematic structure of literature reviews in doctoral theses of applied linguistics, English for Specific Purposes, vol. 25, pp. 30-55.

Li, Q., & Pramoolsook, I. (2015) Research article abstracts in two subdisciplines of business-move structure and hedging between management and marketing, English Language Teaching, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 52-62.

Lorés, R. (2004) On RA abstracts: From rhetorical structure to thematic organisation, English for Specific Purposes, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 280-302.

Maswana, S., & Cheng, J. W. (2017) A genre analysis of information and communications technologies research articles, Taiwan International ESP Journal, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1-25.

Misak, A., et al. (2005) Manuscript editing as a way of teaching academic writing: Experience from a small scientific journal, Journal of Second Language Writing, vol. 14, pp. 122-131.

Nguyen, T. T. L. (2015) Reporting verbs in TESOL master’s theses written by Vietnamese postgraduate students, E.S.P. Today, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 196-215.

Nguyen, T. T. L., & Pramoolsook, I. (2015) Move analysis of method chapters by Vietnamese TESOL master’s students, An International Refereed e-Journal of Literary Explorations, vol. 3, no. 1, pp.14-28.

Nguyen, T. T. L., & Pramoolsook, I. (2016) A move-based analysis of TESOL masters’ thesis conclusion chapters by Vietnamese postgraduates, Global Journal of Foreign Language Teaching, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 2-12.

Ozdemira, N. O., & Longob, B. (2014) Metadiscourse use in thesis abstracts: A cross-cultural study, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 141, pp. 59-63.

Ozturk, I. (2007) The textual organization of research article introductions in applied linguistics: Variability within a single discipline, English for Specific Purposes, vol. 26, no.1, pp. 25-38.

Parkinson, J. (2013) Adopting academic values: Student use of that-complement clauses in academic writing, System, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 428-442.

Pho, P. D. (2008) How can learning about the structure of research articles help international students, Available: https://www.isana.org.au/files/2008%20Conference%20Proceedings/paper_Dzung.pdf [24 August 2018]

Pho, P. D. (2010) ‘Linguistic realizations of rhetorical structure: a corpus-based study of research article abstracts and introductions in applied linguistics and educational technology’, in S. T. Gries, S. Wulff & M. Davies (Eds.), Corpus-linguistic applications: Current studies, new directions, pp. 135-152, Amsterdam: Editions Rodopi B.V.

Ren, H., & Li, Y. (2011) A comparison study on the rhetorical moves of abstracts in published research articles and master’s foreign-language theses, English Language Teaching, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 162-166.

Samraj, B. (2008) A discourse analysis of master’s theses across disciplines with a focus on introduction, Journal of English for Academic Purposes, vol. 7, pp. 55-67.

Shirani, S., & Chalak, A. (2016) A genre analysis study of Iranian EFL learner master theses with a focus on the introduction section, Theory and Practice in Language Studies, vol. 6, no. 10, pp. 1982-1987.

Suntara, W., & Usaha, S. (2013) Research article abstracts in two related disciplines: Rhetorical variation between linguistics and applied linguistics, English Language Teaching, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 84-99.

Swales, J. M. (1990) Genre analysis: English in academic and research settings, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Swales, J. M. (2004) Research genres: Explorations and applications, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Swales, J. M., & Feak, C. B. (2004) Academic writing for graduate students: essential tasks and skills, 2nd edition, Michigan: The University of Michigan Press.

Tardy, C. M. (2005) “It’s like a story” rhetorical knowledge development in advanced academic literacy, Journal of English for Academic Purposes, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 325-338.

Tas, E. E. I. (2008) A corpus-based analysis of genre-specific discourse of research: The PhD thesis and the research article in ELT, Doctoral dissertation, Middle East Technical University, Available: https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi= [20 July 2018]

Tseng, F. (2011) Analyses of move structure and verb tense of research article abstracts in applied linguistics journals, International Journal of English Linguistics, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 27-39.

Tu, P. N., & Wang, S. P. (2013, November) Corpus-based research on tense analysis and rhetorical structure in journal article abstracts, Paper presented at The 27th Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information, and Computation (PACLIC 27), National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Yang, R., & Allison, D. (2003) Research articles in applied linguistics: Moving from results to conclusions, English for Specific Purposes, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 365-385.

Zhang, B., et al. (2012) Moves and linguistic realizations: English research article abstracts by Vietnamese agricultural researchers, Asian ESP Journal, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 126-149.

Zhu, W. (2004) Faculty views on the importance of writing, the nature of academic writing, and teaching and responding to writing in the disciplines. Journal of Second Language Writing, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 29-48.