The Relationship between Happiness, Health Literacy and Quality of Life of Elderly: A Case Study in Wiang Elderly School, Fang District, Chiang Mai Province (in Thai)

Main Article Content

Autumporn Srikuankaew
Athiwat Jiawiwatkul
Sawitri Thayansin


This research want to study about happiness (HP), health literacy (HL) and quality of life (QOL) in elderly, and study the relationship between happiness and health literacy, the relationship between happiness and quality of life, and the relationship between health literacy and quality of life in elderly at Wiang elderly schools, Fang district, Chiang Mai province. Sample group was 226 elderlies who attended the elderly school, agreed to participate in the research and had no communication problems. The instruments used were general information questionnaire, Thai version the World Health Organization Quality of Life QOL Assessment-Brief Instrument (WHOQOL-BREF), Thai’s happiness index and Thailand Department of Health Service’s health literacy assessment instrument. Analysis was used Descriptive Statistic and Pearson correlation coefficient. It was found that elderly has common QOL, fair HP and fair HL, and also found negative relation between HP and HL significantly at 0.05, positive relation between HP and QOL significantly at 0.01, and positive relation between QOL and HL significantly at 0.01.

Article Details

How to Cite
Srikuankaew, A. ., Jiawiwatkul, A. ., & Thayansin, S. . (2018). The Relationship between Happiness, Health Literacy and Quality of Life of Elderly: A Case Study in Wiang Elderly School, Fang District, Chiang Mai Province (in Thai). Connexion: Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 7(2), 76–95. Retrieved from
Research article


Angner, E., et al. (2009) Health literacy and happiness: A community-based study, Social Indicators Research, vol. 95, no. 2, pp. 325-338, Available: [26 September 2016]

Aurelia, M., et al. (2011) Relationship between literacy, knowledge, self-care behaviors, and heart failure-related quality of life among patients with heart failure, Journal of General Internal Medicine, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 979-986, Available: [22 September 2016]

Berkman, D., et al. (2010) Health literacy: What is it, Journal of Health Communication, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 9-19, doi: 10.1080/10810730.2010.499985 [26 September 2016]

Chimjinda, J. (2012) The factors influencing life happiness, amongst the elderly at a community in Nakhon Pathom province, Master’s thesis, Christian University of Thailand.

Hossein, A., et al. (2016) Health literacy in older adults and its related factors: A cross-sectional study in southeast Iran, Health scope, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 110-125, doi: 10.17795/jhealthscope-37453 [26 September 2016]

Jumsri, T. (2011) The development of life quality for elderly in Mae-Ai municipality Mae-Ai district Chiang Mai province, Master’s thesis, Khon Kaen University.

Kaeodumkoeng, K. & Thummakul, D. (2015) Health literacy promoting in aging population (การเสริมสร้างความรอบรู้ด้านสุขภาพในประชากรผู้สูงวัย), Journal of Health Science Research, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 1-8, Available: [26 September 2016] (in Thai)

Kamwong, W., et al. (2011) Factors relating to quality of life of elderly (ปัจจัยที่มีความสัมพันธ์กับคุณภาพชีวิตของผู้สูงอายุ), Journal of Health Science Research, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 32-40, Available: [25 September 2016] (in Thai)

Mehmet, T., et al. (2012) Quality of life and attitudes toward aging in older adults in Sanlıurfa, Turkey, Sage Journals, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 533–562, Available: [24 September 2016]

Ministry of Social Development and Human Security. (2015) Thai elderly: Present and future, Available: [20 September 2016]

Nutbeam, D. (2009) Defining and measuring health literacy: What can we learn from literacy studies?, International Journal of Public Health, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 303-305, Available: [22 September 2016]

Panagioti, M., et al. (2017) Effect of ealth literacy on the quality of older patients with long-term conditions: A large cohort study in UK general practice, Quality of Life Research, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 1257-1268, Available: [22 September 2016]

Podhisita, C. (2011) Thai family and household changes: What we don’t know, Available: [21 September 2016]

Promoting healthy aging Thailand, Department of Health. (1999) Elderly in Thailand feature trends and issues, Available: [20 September 2016]

Senasu, K., & Singhapakdi, A. (2014) Happiness in Thailand: The effects of family, health and job satisfaction, and the moderating role of gender, JICA-IR Working Paper, vol. 14, no. 76, pp. 1-30, Available:

jrft3q00000025kk-att/JICA-RI_WP_No.76_2014.pdf [26 September 2016]

Shaw, S., et al. (2009) The role of culture in health literacy and chronic disease screening and management, Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 460-467, Available: [20 July 2018]

Tiller, D., et al. (2015) Health literacy in an urban elderly East - German population – results from the population-based CARLA study, BMC Public Health, vol. 15, no. 883, pp. 1-9, Available: [25 September 2016]

Thumcharoen, W. (2012) The influence of external and internal factors on happiness of the elderly, Master’s thesis, National Institute of Development Administration.

Veenhoven, R. (2001) Quality of life and happiness: Not quite the same, Available: [22 September 2016]