THE MODEL OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT BASED ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY AFFECTING PADDY FIELDS AND ROCK SALT FIELDS IN BAN DUNG DISTRICT, UDON THANI PROVINCE, THAILAND.

  • Phusit Phukamchanoad Social and Culture Management, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Suansunandha Rajabhat University
Keywords: public participation, social context, application of sufficiency economy philosophy, addy fields and rock salt fields, Ban Dung District, Udon Thani

Abstract

This research aimed to study and also analyzes public participation in resolving the problem of salt-water intrusion due to the rock salt field production and applies the sufficiency economy philosophy for everyday living. This research collected data by using questionnaires surveying 400 samples. According to the research results, Ban Dung District area has a long history going back 4,000 years the same as the Ban Chiang civilization. Formerly, it was an enormous forest with rubber trees, coconut trees, and many kinds of wild animals. Nowadays, there are salt fields in four districts consisting of Ban Dung District, Phon Sung District, Sri Sut Tho District, and Ban Chai District; the salt fields impacted Na Kham District, which is the “three waters” town. Most of the local people are farmers believing in Buddhism, living together for not less than 21 years. Therefore, when they needed to solve the problem of salt-water intrusion from rock salt field production, people actively participated and cooperated, especially in terms of acknowledgment, understanding, brainstorming, and sharing their opinions; however, they did not take any action. The operational participation is rated at the medium-to-low level. The personal and household operations in the activities based on the theory of sufficiency economy are estimated at a high level. Furthermore, they should find a significant mechanism to mobilize “3 collaborations, four pillars, nine integrations, and one foundation” model, which is the condition under the theory of sufficiency economy for moving onto the sustainably happy civil state community in Scenario Building. The factors affecting the participation in solving the problems are people aged 51 years and more, agricultural and farmer, the period of living in the area is 30 years and more, social group, Landlords and landowners in the area.

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Published
2019-12-23
Section
บทความวิจัย (Research Article)