SPATIAL STRATEGY FOR FOREST BURNING HANDLING IN SHAN STATE AND ITS EFFECTS ON COUNTRIES IN THE UPPER MEKHONG REGION

Authors

  • Sompong Tachamuangmoon มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏเชียงราย
  • Nawin Pomjaisa
  • Kittimate Boonnun
  • Pirapanuwat Chuenwong

Keywords:

Spatial Strategy, Forest Burning, Shan State, Upper Mekhong Region

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to investigate the problems of forest fire spatial management in Shan State affecting countries in the Upper Mekong Sub-region, to develop forest fire spatial management strategies in Shan State, and to evaluate the appropriateness of forest fire spatial management strategies affecting countries in the Upper Mekong Sub-region. This mixed-method research implemented a workshop, a context evaluation form, and an appropriateness evaluation form. The target group recruited 25 participants, including forest fire management leaders in Shan State and Shan State Army (SSA) officers in charge of the mountain areas of Southern Shan State. The data was analyzed by content analysis, mean and standard deviation. The circumstances of forest fire spatial management in Shan State affecting countries in the Upper Mekong Sub-region were reported. Strengths: The leader is a visionary. Weaknesses: Lack of a forest fire database due to deficiency of knowledge and tools in defining the forest boundary. Opportunities: Technological advancement enables global communication and attracts attention from neighboring countries, resulting in consistent assistance in forest fire management. Threats: Policy does not support decentralization and accessibility to management and utilization of natural resources. The formulated vision was “Shan State: Tranquil, Peaceful, No Wildfire Through Participatory and Sustainable Forest Management”. There were 4 developed strategies. Strategy 1: Develop cooperation and an integrated network with neighboring countries. Strategy 2: Develop a forest fire management system using appropriate information technology. Strategy 3: Develop the potentials of Shan people on sustainable forest management. Strategy 4: Allocate budget support and funds for the sustainability of forest management and forest fire prevention. The appropriateness evaluation of spatial strategy for forest burning handling in Shan State affecting countries in the Upper Mekong Sub-region in regard to vision, goals, strategies, and development guidelines showed the highest level of appropriateness.

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Published

2021-06-29

Issue

Section

บทความวิจัย (Research Article)