Main Article Content

Tshewang Lhamo
Nipaporn Chalermnirundorn


This quasi-experimental study investigated whether the use of TED Talk videos (TTV) improved the speaking skills of 30 Bhutanese ESL learners, and further explored their perceptions towards the use of TTV. A simple random sampling technique was applied to select a section of 30 sixth-graders from a total of three sections. The selected group was treated with TTV as the learning material to improve their English-speaking skills. The quantitative and qualitative data were collected through pretest, posttest, survey questionnaire and focus group interview. The quantitative data were analyzed and interpreted using inferential statistics t-test with p≤.05 level of significance, mean, and standard deviation. Similarly, qualitative data collected through a focus group interview was analyzed employing a thematic analysis. The results revealed a mean of 10.82 for pretest, 15.32 for the posttest, with a mean difference of 4.5. and the significant value (p) obtained was .01. The result indicated higher scores in the posttest, vis-a-vis the pretest of all 30 research participants. The findings from the survey questionnaire and focus group interview also revealed positive perceptions towards the use of TTVs in English-speaking lessons by all participants. Thus, the findings provide an alternative to ESL teachers in Bhutan to teach speaking skills. 

Article Details

บทความวิจัย (Research Article)


Ahluwalia, G. (2018). Students’ perceptions on the use of TED talks for English language learning. India’s higher education authority UGC. 18(49042). ISSN 1930-2940.

Ahmadi, M. R. (2018). The use of technology in English language learning: A literature review. International Journal of Research in English Education. 3(2). DOI:10.29252/ijree.3.2.115

Alqahtani, M. (2015). The importance of vocabulary in language learning and how to be taught. International Journal of Teaching and Education, 3(3), 21- 34.10.20472/TE.2015.3.3.002

Al-Zoubi, M.S. (2018). The Impact of Exposure to English Language on Language Acquisition. Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research. 5(4)151-162.

Arntsen, T. (2016). English language teaching with TED Talks. Retrieved

Barkhuizen, G.P. (2012). Discovering learners’ perceptions of ESL classroom teaching/learning activities in a South African context. Wiley Online Library. (32)1,85- 108

Crystal, D. (2003). English as a global language. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, NY.

DiCicco-Bloom, Barbara & Crabtree, Benjamin. (2006). The qualitative research interviews. Medical education. (40). 314-321. 10.1111/j.1365-2929.2006.02418. x.

Doron, H. (2016). Six reasons why traditional teaching methods fail. Retrieved from

Floyd, M., & Jeschull, L. (2012). Teaching with TED Talks: Authentic and motivational language instruction. Newsletter of the video and digital media interest section. Retrieved from

Hassan, S. E. H. & Hassan, Z. H. (2018). Using TED talks as authentic videos to enhance students’ listening comprehension and motivation. University of Oregon. Retrieved from sequence=4&isAllowed=y

Jalaluddin, M. (2016). Using YouTube to enhance speaking skills in ESL classroom. Englis for Specific Purposes World, ISSN 1682-3257,,17(50).

Kilickaya, F., & Sklodowska, M. C. (2009). World Englishes, English as an International Language and Applied Linguistics. English Language Teaching.2 (3). Retrieved from

Karunakar, M. T. Encouraging English language production using TED talks at the tertiary level: A study in a technical college. Teaching English With Technology.19(4), 57–68. Kathirvel, K., & Hashim, H. (2020). The use of audio- visual materials as strategies to enhance speaking skills among ESL young learners. Creative Education, 11, 2599-2608.

Lowe, A. (2013). TED talks as authentic listening materials: Turning points and near-death experiences. TESOL International Association Blogs. Retrieved from

Mathew, N.G., & Alidmat, A.O.H. (2013). A study on the usefulness of audio-visual aids in EFL classroom: Implications for effective instruction. International Journal of Higher

Education, 2(2), 86-91. doi:10.5430/ijhe.v2n2p86

Nombre, A.Y., Rocio, S.A., & Junio, (2012). The importance of teaching listening and speaking skills. Retrieved from

Omari, F. Z. I. (2015). An Evaluation of the Teaching of the Speaking Skill in EFL Classrooms within the Framework of the CBA: The Case of 3rd Year Pupils in 3 Secondary Schools in Tlemcen (Unpublished Doctoral dissertation). University Abu Bekr Belkaid, Chetouane, Algeria

Royal Education Council. (2012). English Curriculum (PP-XII) of Bhutan. Retrieved from

Sherab, K., & Dorji, P. (2013). Bhutanese teachers’ pedagogical orientation in the primary classes: A factor on Quality Education. JISTE, 17(1),18–28.

Sherman, Jane. (2003). Using authentic video in the language classroom. Cambridge, UK:Cambridge University Press

Wigmore, I. (2021) Definition TED talk. Retrieved from

Ziebell, B. (2019). Teaching English with ted talks: How to create compelling materials for ESL learners. CONNECTIONS, ELTABB. Retrieved from