Main Article Content

Piyaphorn Doowa
Rajitha Menon Arikkatt


This study explored the effectiveness of the online 2-week CBT-based intervention on reducing academic procrastination and enhancing academic self-efficacy among Thai undergraduate students. A pre-test post-test group design was used for the quantitative study; participants (N = 30) were assessed at 3-time points: pretest (before intervention), post-test 1 (2 weeks after intervention), and post-test 2 (2 months after intervention). The Academic Procrastination Scale (APS) and Academic Self-Efficacy Inventory (CSEI), which are both Likert-type scales, were used. Semi-structured interviews (N = 3) were conducted, and thematic analysis was used to analyze qualitative data. Results showed that the intervention significantly reduced academic procrastination pre-test (M = 2.83, SD = 0.52) to post-test 1 (M = 2.66, SD = 0.52) but not academic self-efficacy. Qualitative feedback from participants supported these findings, suggesting that the intervention can be a valuable tool for helping students overcome procrastination and build confidence in their academic abilities.

Article Details

บทความวิจัย (Research Article)


Arazo, E., Durana, M. R., Umali, A., & Almazan, R. C. (2023). Online learning self-efficacy as correlates to academic procrastination among pre-service teachers. International Journal of Scientific and Management Research, 6(5), 171-187.

Balkis, M., & Duru, E. (2007). The evaluation of the major characteristics and aspects of the procrastination in the framework of psychological counseling and guidance. Kuram Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri, 7(1), 376.

Betz, N. E., & Hackett, G. (1983). The relationship of mathematics self-efficacy expectations to the selection of science-based college majors. Journal of Vocational behavior, 23(3), 329-345.

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative research in psychology, 3(2), 77-101.

Cerino, E. S. (2014). Relationships between academic motivation, self-efficacy, and academic procrastination. Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research, 19(4).

Cummins, P. J., Oppenlander, J., Suresh, D. V., & Tobin-Ballato, E. (2022). Moving intensive onsite courses online: responding to COVID-19 educational disruption. International Journal of Ethics Education, 1-17.

De Paola, M., Gioia, F., & Scoppa, V. (2023). Online teaching, procrastination and student achievement. Economics of Education Review, 94, 102378.

Durham, R. C., Chambers, J. A., Power, K. G., Sharp, D. M., Macdonald, R. R., Major, K. A., ... & Gumley, A. I. (2005). Long-term outcome of cognitive behaviour therapy clinical trials in central Scotland. Health Technology Assessment, 9(42), 1-4.

Eckert, M., Ebert, D. D., Lehr, D., Sieland, B., & Berking, M. (2018). Does sms-support make a difference? effectiveness of a two-week online-training to overcome procrastination. a randomized controlled Trial. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1103.

Ferrari, J. R., & Emmons, R. A. (in press). Methods of procrastination and their relation to self-control and self-reinforcement: An exploratory study. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A. G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G* Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior research methods, 39(2), 175-191.

Goddard, S. G., Stevens, C. J., Jackman, P. C., & Swann, C. (2021). A systematic review of flow interventions in sport and exercise. International review of sport and exercise psychology, 1-36.

Gröpel, P., & Steel, P. (2008). A mega-trial investigation of goal setting, interest enhancement, and energy on procrastination. Personality and individual differences, 45(5), 406-411.

Hidayah, R., & Mu’awanah, E. (2020). Psycho-education for doctoral students in coping with procrastination in academics towards strengthening career. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 13(8), 1024-1044.

Ivankova, N., & Wingo, N. (2018). Applying mixed methods in action research: Methodological potentials and advantages. American Behavioral Scientist, 62(7), 978-997.

Kandola, D., Banner, D., O’Keefe-McCarthy, S., & Jassal, D. (2014). Sampling Methods in Cardiovascular Nursing Research: An Overview. Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 24(3).

Kroenke, K., & Swindle, R. (2000). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for somatization and symptom syndromes: a critical review of controlled clinical trials. Psychotherapy and psychosomatics, 69(4), 205-215.

Lukas, C. A., & Berking, M. (2018). Reducing procrastination using a smartphone-based treatment program: A randomized controlled pilot study. Internet interventions, 12, 83-90.

Malina, M. A., Nørreklit, H. S., & Selto, F. H. (2011). Lessons learned: advantages and disadvantages of mixed method research. Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management, 8(1), 59-71.

McCloskey, J., & Scielzo, S. A. (2015). Finally! The development and validation of the academic procrastination scale. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Otermin-Cristeta, S., & Hautzinger, M. (2018). Developing an intervention to overcome procrastination. Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community, 46(2), 171-183.

Privitera, G. J., & Ahlgrim-Delzell, L. (2018). Research methods for education. Sage Publications.

Romash, I., Neyko, V., Romash, I., Vynnyk, M., Gerych, O., & Pustovoyt, M. (2022). The nature of the manifestation of procrastination among medical university teachers during the piriod of altered psycho-emotional state during forsed social distancing due to the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on the quality of life. Scientific Studios on Social and Political Psychology, 49(52).

Sederevičiute-Pačiauskiene, Ž., Valantinaite, I., & Asakavičiute, V. (2022). ‘Should I turn on my video camera?’The students’ perceptions of the use of video cameras in synchronous distant learning. Electronics, 11(5), 813.

Sirois, F. M., & Tosti, N. (2012). Lost in the moment? An investigation of procrastination, mindfulness, and well-being. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 30, 237-248.

Solberg, V. S., O’Brien, K., Villarreal, P., Kennel, R., & Davis, B. (1993). Self-efficacy and Hispanic college students: Validation of the College Self-Efficacy Instrument. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 15, 80-95.

Steel, P. (2007). The nature of procrastination: a meta-analytic and theoretical review of quintessential self-regulatory failure. Psychological bulletin, 133(1), 65.

Steel, V. S., Zoccali, C., Dekker, F. W., & Jager, K. J. (2009). The randomized controlled trial. Nephron Clinical Practice, 113(4), c337-c342.

Steel, P., Brothen, T., & Wambach, C. (2001). Procrastination and personality, performance, and mood. Personality and individual differences, 30(1), 95-106.

Steel, P., Svartdal, F., Thundiyil, T., & Brothen, T. (2018). Examining procrastination across multiple goal stages: a longitudinal study of temporal motivation theory. Frontiers in psychology, 9, 327.

Thakkar, N. (2009). Why procrastinate: an investigation of the root causes behind procrastination.

Toker, B., & Avcı, R. (2015). Effect of cognitive-behavioral-theory-based skill training on academic procrastination behaviors of university students.

Ugwuanyi, C. S., Gana, C. S., Ugwuanyi, C. C., Ezenwa, D. N., Eya, N. M., Ene, C. U., ... & Ossai, V. O. (2020). Efficacy of cognitive behaviour therapy on academic procrastination behaviours among students enrolled in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics Education (PCME). Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 38, 522-539.

Ugwueze, S. & Ekechukwu, R. (2021). Effects of Psychoeducational Interventions on Procrastination and Harm Reduction among Students with Psychoactive Substance Use Disorders. Journal of Education in Developing Areas, 28(2), 21-39.

Van Eerde, W., & Klingsieck, K. B. (2018). Overcoming procrastination? A meta-analysis of intervention studies. Educational Research Review, 25, 73-85.

Wäschle, K., Allgaier, A., Lachner, A., Fink, S., & Nückles, M. (2014). Procrastination and self-efficacy: Tracing vicious and virtuous circles in self-regulated learning. Learning and instruction, 29, 103-114.

Zacks, S., & Hen, M. (2018). Academic interventions for academic procrastination: A review of the literature. Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community, 46(2), 117-130.