COMMUNITY-BASED TOURISM MODEL FOR NATURAL PROTECTED AREAS
Keywords:local communities, ecological tourism, model, protected area
This paper addressed the formulation of a model of community-based tourism in natural protected areas. This model can encourage ecological tourism as a strategic tool to improve the quality of the conservation areas and the quality of life of local communities. The formulation of the model used a qualitative approach. This approach could reveal a phenomenon based on the experiences and views of local communities and the management of conservation areas in West Bali National Park (TNBB). The results showed that ecological
tourism is an instrument for linking various interest groups that initially opposed the adjustment of perception and initiative of each of the parties to change the perspective and practice of interaction in order to obtain a productive relationship. In the context of the development of tourism in TNBB, it can be concluded that the community groups of Manuk Jegeg, which serve as a medium of joint activities between the local communities and the government, is a model that encourages the participation of the local communities in the development of ecological tourism.
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