Development of a Three-Dimensional Multiple-Moving Block Tracking Model (3D-MBTM) for Enhancing Spatial Ability in Early Adolescence

Main Article Content

Poliny Ung
Suchada Kornpetpanee


                 The spatial ability is a component of human intelligence and is an essential skill for everyday
life. However, the spatial ability is learned equally by training, especially computer training, although
there are individual differences in this skill. This study aimed to develop a Three-Dimensional
Multiple-Moving Block Tracking Model (3D-MBTM) for enhancing the spatial ability in the early
adolescence, and to investigate the effect of the developed 3D-MBTM by comparing with the
control group. Sixty lower secondary school students in the academic year 2016 from Saensuk
High School took part in the study. They were randomly assigned into two groups (30-experimental
and 30-control groups). The experimental group underwent the 3D-MBTM training through 3D-LED
TV in half an hour per day for 12 days, whereas the control one did not have this experience. The
paper folding & form board test, the card rotations test, and the mental rotations test were used
to collect the data. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and MANOVA.
                 The results showed that the 3D-MBTM was consisted of fve steps, that is presentation, indexation,
movement, identifcation, and feedback. After using the 3D-MBTM with the early adolescent, the
results demonstrated that the response accuracy scores on spatial ability test of the experimental
group were signifcantly (p<.05) increased after training and increased more than the control group.
The response time on spatial ability test of the experimental group were signifcantly decreased
after training and decreased more than the control group. In conclusion, the continuous practice
with the 3D-MBTM can enhance the spatial ability in early adolescence.

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