The Effectiveness of Listening to Pleasant Thai Country Music Compared to Pleasant Thai Classical Music for Enhancing Working Memory in Older Adults: An Electroencephalogram Study

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คมพล พันธ์ยาง
สุชาดา กรเพชรปาณี
ยุทธนา จันทะขิน


          Listening to pleasant music can enhance brain functions. The objectives of this research were to develop the pleasant music program and then to investigate its effects on working memory, and on the changes in brain wave patterns in older adults, as they responded to a working memory test. The participants were sixty older adults from the senior citizens club, Trat hospital, who were randomly assigned to Thai country music (n=20), to Thai classical music (n =20), and to a control group who received no listening material (n=20). Data were collected using a computerized working memory test and the EEG recording system from Neuroscan. The t-test and One-way Anova were used to analyze the data.

          The results showed that each of the two music programs consisted of six music tracks of 25-minute duration; one program involved pleasant Thai country music, the other pleasant Thai classical music. After the experiment, the Thai country music and Thai classical music groups showed a significant increase in the accuracy score on the counting span task when compared to before-experiment conditions (p < .05).

          After the experiment, both the Thai country music and the Thai classical music groups showed a significant increase in upper alpha ERD% during the counting span task at F3, C3 and P3 electrode sites when compared to the control group (p < .05). However, there was no difference in upper alpha ERD% between the Thai country music and the Thai classical music groups and significant increased in theta ERS% at FP1, FP2, F7, F3, FZ, F4, CZ, PZ and O1 electrode sites when compared to the control group (p < .05).

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