Effect of Mindfulness of Breathing Meditation Practice and Binaural Beats on Emotion Regulation: Behavioral and EEG Studies

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Wirachai Kamthorn
Pratchaya Kaewkaen
Peera Wongupparaj


Meditation is very important to human life. It creates physical and mental balancing. This research, therefore, aimed to develop mindfulness on breathing along with listening to binaural beats, and to study the effect of the proposed method on emotional control. The effect of the proposed method was compared with the normal mindfulness on breathing (control group) by considering on the emotion regulation score and the EEG power spectrum. Forty-two volunteer students, aged 18-23 years old, participated in this study. All of them were randomly assigned into two groups; 21 students in experimental group and 21 students in control group. The students in experimental group was trained to follow the mindfulness on breathing along with listening to binaural beatsand control group practiced the normal mindfulness on breathing meditation. The research instruments consisted of an emotion regulation self-assessment and EEG recording in Neuroscan system. The descriptive statistics and t-test were analyzed in this study.

         The research results show that:

  1. The mindfulness on breathing along with listening to binaural beats and normal mindfulness on breathing meditation significantly effected on emotion regulation scores and also changing in brain waves.

  2. The results on emotional regulation showed that (1) there was significantly different on impulse control difficulties scores between 2 groups in pre-experimental stage, (2) the students in control group demonstrated significantly higher emotional regulation scores in 6 aspects after completing practicing period.

  3. The result on EEG waves in post test showed that (1) there were significant different in theta wave at three points of electrodes in baseline stage, including FZ, TP7 and CP1, (2) both groups did not present difference in alpha wave at baseline stage.

         In conclusion, the mindfulness on breathing meditation with binaural beats does not have an effect on the changing of theta and alpha wave.


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