The Impact of Accession to the Hague Convention on Choice of Court Agreements on Thai Law and Practice

Main Article Content

Siriporn Denkesineelam

Abstract

The Hague Convention on Choice of Court Agreements aims at promoting the validity of exclusive jurisdiction clauses in international civil and commercial contracts as well as facilitating the recognition and enforcement of judgments rendered by the chosen court in all Contracting States to the Convention. To date, Thailand has not yet become a signatory state to the Convention. In this light, Thailand still applies its domestic law and judicial practice to examine the validity of choice of court agreements as well as recognise and enforce foreign judgments; nevertheless, the existing legal regime of Thailand does not set out specific rules governing the relevant issues, which gives rise to the legal uncertainty whether the Thai court would give effect to the forum selection agreement and the judgment pursuant to such an agreement. Thus, the accession of Thailand to the Convention will not only facilitate its court to apply a uniform rule on the aforesaid domains but also create a favorable regulatory environment for foreign enterprises when doing business in Thailand. Accordingly, this paper will conduct an analysis on the legal impact of the Convention on Thailand’s current legal regime and will put forward what matters under the Convention should be declared not to entail binding effects on Thailand in the event that it accedes to the Convention.


 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Articles

References

1. Civil and Commercial Code B.E. 2468 (1925 A.D.) (Thailand)
2. Civil Procedure Code B.E. 2477 (1934 A.D.) (Thailand)
3. Conflict of Laws Act B.E. 2481 (1938 A.D.) (Thailand)
4. Nantika Tipayamontri, ‘Consumer Protection Laws in Thailand’ Thai-American Business Journal (May-June 2004) accessed 26 October 2018
5. Pitel S, and Vries J, ‘The Standard of Proof for Jurisdiction Clauses’ (2008) 46 Canadian Business Law Journal 66 < https://ssrn.com/abstract=2378308> accessed on 28 October 2018
6. Status of Contracting Parties of The Hague Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments accessed on 27 October 2018
7. Status Table of the Hague Convention of 30 June 2005 on Choice of Court Agreements accessed 25 October 2018
8. The Decision of the Thai Supreme Court no. 585/2461 (1918 A.D)
9. The Decision of the Thai Supreme Court no. 951/2539 (1996 A.D.)
10. The Decision of the Thai Supreme Court no. 6565/2544 (2001 A.D.)
11. The Decision of the Thai Supreme Court no. 3537/2546 (2003 A.D.)
12. The Decision of the Thai Supreme Court no. 3882/2549 (2006 A.D.)
13. The Decision of the Thai Supreme Court no. 3368/2552 (2009 A.D.)
14. The Hague Convention of 30 June 2005 on Choice of Court Agreements (concluded in June 2005, came into force on 1 October 2015)
15. Unfair Contract Terms Act B.E. 2540 (1997 A.D.) (Thailand)
16. Woodward W, ‘Saving The Hague Choice of Court Convention’ (2014) Penn Law: Legal Scholarship Repository accessed 25 October 2018
17. World Bank. 2018. Doing Business 2018: Reforming to Create Job’ Washington, DC: World Bank. © World Bank (2018) accessed on 25 October 2018
18. กนกลักษณ์ อมรวรวิทย์, ปัญหาทางกฎหมายว่าด้วยข้อตกลงเลือกศาลในสัญญาธุรกิจการค้าระหว่างประเทศ (วิทยานิพนธ์ปริญญามหาบัณฑิต มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ 2552) (KanokLuck Amornworawit, [Legal Problems Concerning Choice of Court Agreement in International Business Contract] (Masters of Law Degree Thesis, Thammasat University 2009))
19. พันธุ์ทิพย์ กาญจนะจิตรา สายสุนทร, ปัญหาเงื่อนไขการรับรองคำพิพากษาของศาลต่างประเทศ (วารสารนิติศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ ปีที่ 22 ฉบับที่ 2) (Panthip Kanjanajitra Saisoonthorn, [Problems on Conditions for Recognition of Foreign Judgments] (Law Journal Thammasat University, 22 (2))