Cost-Effectiveness of Road Safety Policy for Preventing and Reducing Road Traffic Fatalities in Thailand

  • Chaturaphat Chantith Faculty of Economics, Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand
  • Chompoonuh Kosalakorn Permpoonwiwat Faculty of Economics, Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand
  • Richard Fowles Department of Economics, University of Utah, United States of America
Keywords: Cost-effectiveness, Public Policy in Thailand, Traffic Fatalities

Abstract

This paper aimed to analyze the effectiveness of road safety policy in Thailand. The cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) was the method used to evaluate the policy involved in road safety; Drunk-Driving Law, Helmet Use Law, and Seat Belt Use Law. The data contained costs and the amount of road traffic deaths between 2012 and 2017 were collected. The evaluating results of the road safety policy were as follows: (1) the drunk-driving law was effective in reducing fatalities caused by all types of motor vehicles accidents including motorcycles and bicycles; (2) the seat-belt use law was also effective in reducing the number of motor vehicle traffic fatalities; and (3) the helmet use law was considered ineffective, which was insignificant in terms of effort. The policy recommendation was a reduction in the number of deaths leading to the realization that the behavior of riders needed to be focused on safety education for motorcyclists and law enforcement.

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Published
2021-06-07
How to Cite
Chantith, C., Kosalakorn Permpoonwiwat, C., & Fowles, R. (2021). Cost-Effectiveness of Road Safety Policy for Preventing and Reducing Road Traffic Fatalities in Thailand. Thailand and The World Economy, 39(2), 1-17. Retrieved from https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/TER/article/view/251882