Environmental Conflicts from Mega Development Projects in Thailand: A Case Study of Krabi Coal-Fired Power Plant Expansion Project

Main Article Content

Sawat Sattapornpan
Chutarat Chompunth

Abstract

This research aims to study the causes of environmental conflicts and the process of public participation and propose ways to promote and support the process of public participation in environmental conflict management of Krabi coal-fired power plant’s expansion project. The data were gathered through semi-structured interviews with stakeholders in Krabi province and the use of public records.


The study revealed that the environmental conflicts were caused by data conflicts, conflicts of interest, structural conflicts and relationship conflicts. For the public participation process, it was found that although most people had access to a variety of information channels, they tended to receive inaccurate, unclear and insufficient details, resulting in the project’s lack of credibility. Also, the public was not given the opportunity to take part in making decisions from the beginning of the process because their participation mostly remained at the consultation level and merely involved public comment in a forum. The study also offers recommendations for the state and people sectors. For the state sector, in order to promote and support the process of public participation in managing environmental conflicts, consideration should be given to the amendment of relevant laws. Public health information systems should also be improved to provide people with a better understanding of health topics that are particularly important to them. In addition, project developers should establish funds for environmental and health impact assessments, while giving stakeholders accurate, clear and adequate information and allowing external agencies to examine and observe operations. Meanwhile, people should also learn to use things around them as their knowledge sources and be aware of their rights and responsibilities in participating in various development processes.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sattapornpan, S., & Chompunth, C. (2019). Environmental Conflicts from Mega Development Projects in Thailand: A Case Study of Krabi Coal-Fired Power Plant Expansion Project. Ph.D. ocial ciences ournal, 9(3), 716-729. etrieved from https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/phdssj/article/view/128774
Section
Research Article

References

Chatasuwatjananon, J. (2012). Conflict in the management of water resources case study water shortage management project in the Nakhon Ratchasima Municipality. Master's thesis of science, National Institute of Development Administration. [In Thai]

Chompunth, C. (2013). Good governance and public participation in decision-making process of development project. Journal of Environmental Management, 9(1), 85-106. [In Thai]

Chompunth, C. (2014). Evaluation of public participation in environmental impact assessment: A case study of industrial area Metro Industrial Park Project. Bangkok: National Institute of Development Administration. [In Thai]

Chulalongkorn University, Environmental Research Institute. (2002). Study of development of public participation in the environmental impact assessment process. Bangkok: Author. [In Thai]

Kaewprasert, C. (2004). Conflict management: A case study of Eastern Waste Collection Center Pathumthani Province. Master's thesis of science, National Institute of Development Administration. [In Thai]

Khorpornprasert, B. (2011). The approach to develop transparency standard of government organizations. Journal of Management Sciences, 28(1), 33-48. [In Thai]

Leepagorn, P. (2011). Factors influencing community participation in environmental management in pollution control zone: A case study of Mapchalute Community, Amphor Muang, Rayong Province. Master's thesis of science, National Institute of Development Administration. [In Thai]

Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning. (2013). Guidelines for public participation and social environmental impact assessment in the environmental impact assessment process. Bangkok: B.V. Offset. [In Thai]

Soponpats, P. (2012). An evaluation of public participation in environmental impact assessment: A study of the Khao Hin Son Coal-Fired Power Plant Project, Chachoengsao Province. Master's thesis of science, National Institute of Development Administration. [In Thai]

Sujitto, K. (2003). Public participation in environmental impact assessment of Thai-Malaysia gas separation plant project. Master's thesis of science, Prince of Songkla University. [In Thai]

Watthanasap, W. (2007). Conflict: Principles and tools for solving problems (3rd ed.). Nonthaburi: King Prajadhipok’s Institute. [In Thai]

Worchel, S., & Cooper, J. (1983). Understanding social psychology. Homewood, IL: Dorsey.