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The objective of this academic paper is to analyze the situation of illegal fishing and the employment of illegal workers in the fishing industry. The analysis method is by introducing relevant laws and policies on both domestic and international issues during the year of 2015-2020.
The results of the analysis show that the fishing industry is of great importance to the global community as it is the source of one of the four factors from the past to the 4.0 era. It also significantly creates jobs into the labor market. However, under the growth of this industry especially in the ASEAN region, one of the underlying problems are illegal fishing and illegal labor. Illegal smuggling of foreign workers is hard to avoid in the fishing industry. Currently, Thailand has adopted legal measures for the purpose of mitigating the issue, but there are still legal gaps in the interpretation of these provisions toward the real situation. Although Thailand has ratified the International Labor Organization Convention. (ILO) on forced labor in 2007 (No. 188) and although forced labor is an offense under the international law, there is still no separate legal regulation which focus mainly on Forced Labor. It is a great challenge for each country which has differences society, culture and economic to effectively apply such legal measures to the provisions of their respective countries.
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Academic articles, research articles, and book reviews in the Ph.D. in Social Sciences Journal are author’s opinions, and not the publisher’s, and is not the responsibility of the Ph.D. in Social Sciences Journal Philosophy Association, Ramkhamhaeng University. (In the case that research is done on human, the researcher has to be trained in Ethics for Doing Research on Human Training and has to produce the evidence of the training).
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