Dynamics of Electoral Reform in New Zealand and Thailand

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Purawich Watanasukh


Electoral reform took place in New Zealand and Thailand during 1990s. Prior the reform, both countries used the plurality system then changed to mixed-member electoral system. However, New Zealand changed to Mixed-Member Proportional (MMP), while Thailand changed to Mixed-Member Majoritarianism (MMM). This paper aims to study why the electoral reform took place in both countries, and why New Zealand still keep supporting the MMP while Thailand changed the components of the Parallel Voting twice. The result found that electoral reform in New Zealand is the 'elite-mass' interaction reform, while electoral reform in Thailand is the 'elite imposition' reform


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Watanasukh, P. (2017). Dynamics of Electoral Reform in New Zealand and Thailand. Political Science and Public Administration Journal, 5(1), 24–39. Retrieved from https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscicmujournal/article/view/76999
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