Login or Register to make a submission.

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The manuscript must be an original work that has not been published elsewhere and that is not being considered for publication in any other journals.
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • The manuscripts must have been edited for language quality before submission. If the manuscript does not reach an academically appropriate standard of English, it will be returned to the author for edition before a peer review process.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.


The followings are guidelines for those wishing to submit an article for publication in rEFLections.



  rEFLections welcomes submissions in three categories:

     1. Research articles Manuscript should be approximately 6,000 – 8,000 words, excluding references and
         appendixAn abstract should not be longer than 250 words.
     2. Academic articles Manuscript and references should be approximately 4,000 – 6,000 words with an
         abstract of 250 words.
     3. Book reviews focuses on two categoriesreferences books and textbooksManuscript should not exceed
         1,000 words. 


  1Language of publicationEnglish

  2Manuscript style:  APA Style 6th Edition

  3Manuscript length:

         - Research articles - 6,000 – 8,000 words(excluding references and appendix)
         - Academic articles - 4,000 – 6,000 words
         - Book reviews - 1,000 words

  4Manuscript format: Microsoft Word/single space, Times New Roman/12 points, and 1 inch (2.54 cm)
      margins on all sides or RTF document file format

  5. Template of article:

      5.1 Title – The title should be concise and clearly reflect the content of the article.
      5.2 Author(s) - The first and last name of the author(s) should be provided along with the institutions.
           However, since the blind review process is adopted, the names of the author should be in a separate file.
           See SUBMISSION section.
      5.3 Abstract – An abstract should summarize the article, objectives of the study, methodology used,
           findings and discussion in not over 250 words.
      5.4 Text – The text should be divided into sections for reader friendliness. The authors cannot be identified
           from the text, so all references to the authors’ names within the manuscript must be replaced by the
           word “author(s)”.
      5.5 Acknowledgement  This could address sources of research funding and assistance from an organization
           or personal support.
      5.6 References - Authors should follow the 6th edition of American Psychological Association style (APA
           Style 6th Edition) for the article, including references. See IN-TEXT CITATIONS AND REFERENCE LIST section.
      5.7 Appendix (if available)

  6Submission requirements:

      6.1 The manuscript must be an original work that has not been published elsewhere and that is not being
           considered for publication in any other journals. See Ethical Standards section.
      6.2 25% of the references must have been published within the last five years. For example, to submit a
           manuscript within 2020, 25% of the references must have been published from 2016 to 2020.


  1. The editors conduct an initial evaluation of an article. Articles that do not fall within the scope of the journal
      as well as length, style of writing and language accuracy will be rejected and the authors will be informed as
      soon as the decision is made. Article will also be screened for plagiarism using TurnItIn.

  2. The articles that pass the screenings will be submitted to two reviewers using double-blind review process.
      If the two reviewers do not reach an agreement, a third reviewer will be sought.

  3. The reviewers review the articles considering the academic value, academic correctness, and quality of the
      manuscript. The result of the review falls into four categories:
         - Accept
         - Accept but needs revision
         - Revise and submit
         - Reject

  4. If the article has to be revised, the authors should follow suggestions.  However, authors can justify their
      reasons for not following the reviewers’ comments.  The authors should re-submit the article together with
      a separate sheet explaining their revision and/or justification within the time specified by the editor
      (normally 2-3 weeks) after receiving the feedback from the peer review committee.

  5. The editors will review the revised article for reader-friendliness and appropriate citations. The authors will
      be asked to revise the articles until the expected quality is met before the editors can confirm the
      publication of the article. The editorial team reserves the right to accept or reject articles.

  6. Authors whose manuscripts have been accepted for publication will be asked to conduct the final proofings
      in which they are required to read through their manuscripts to approve and to verify the accuracy. In case
      errors are discovered, they must notify the editors; otherwise, the editors will not take any responsibility for
      such errors.

  7. If the author breaches the ethical standard of publication, such as plagiarism and double publication, the
      article that may have been published will be retracted.


    Peer Review Process



  Copyright to the article is retained by the author(s) but rEFLections reserves the right for the article’s first
  publication, and as the article will appear online (https://www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/reflections/issue/archive), it can be used
  for educational purposes but not for commercial interests.


  The submission should include the two documents:

  1. a cover page including

      1.1 Author(s)’ information including the author(s)’ name(s), affiliation, address, telephone number, and e-
           mail address. If there are more than two authors, the corresponding author should be identified by an
           asterisk (*)
      1.2 A 50-word biographical statement (of each author)

  2. a manuscript – Make sure that the manuscript do not have the author(s)’ name(s) since rEFLections
      adopts a blind review process.

  Submission of these two document should be done onilne. Visit https://www.tci-
and register for an account by filling in the information
  required by the journal (or login if you already have an account) and submit the two documents.


  rEFLections publishes two issues a year, on 15 January and 15 July. Papers can be submitted for
  consideration throughout the year.


  Previous issues are available online at https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/reflections/%20issue/archive


  In-Text Citations and Reference List

  Citations and references follow the APA Style 6th Edition.

  1. Citations in text

  Use an author-date citation method. Citations in text are acknowledged with Author (Date) or (Author,

  In-text Citations
  Direct quotation

  Nida and Taber (1982) point out that “translating consists in reproducing in the receptor
  language the closest natural equivalent of the source-language message, first in terms of
  meaning and secondly in terms of style.”  (p. 12).


  ….“Translating consists in reproducing in the receptor language the closest natural
  equivalent of the source-language message, first in terms of meaning and secondly in
  terms of style”  (Nida & Taber, 1982, p. 12)

  A long quotation
  (more than
  40 words)

  Fishman (1964) defines this area of sociolinguistics:

  The study of language maintenance and language shift is concerned with the relationship
  between change and stability in habitual language use, on the one hand, and ongoing
  psychological, social and cultural processes, on the other, when populations differing in
  language are in contact with each other. (p. 32)

  A quotation
  with no page
  "Prevalence rates of antenatal major and minor depression have been estimated in
  community-based studies to range from 7% to 15% of all pregnancies" (Grote, Swartz,
  Geibel & Zuckoff, 2009, para. 2).
  Quotation /
  Giving meaning to specific symbols such as sounds and marks is considered to be the
  origin of written language (Samovar & Porter, 1997, p. 188). (Page number is
  A citation from
  a secondary

  Please only use secondary sources when absolutely necessary.

  In-text citation, name the original work and give a citation for the secondary source.

  Nunan (1997, as cited in Sinclair, McGrath, & Lamb, 2000) describes autonomous
  learners as students who are active learners, consciously practising and enduring their
  learning to achieve learning goals with willingness and responsibility.

  In the reference list, give the secondary source:

  Sinclair, B., McGrath, I., & Lamb, T. (2000). Learner Autonomy, Teacher Autonomy:
  Future Directions
, London, England: Longman.


2. Reference List

  1. A book and a book chapter

  Author, A., & Author, B. (Year). Book title. (Edition/2nd onwards). Place of publication*:

  *For Place of publication, insert the town or city and then country (e.g. Cambridge,
  England). For USA, insert the town or city and then state in initials (e.g. Thousand Oaks,


  One author
  Bhatia, V. K. (2014). Analysing genreLanguage use in professional settings.  New York,    NY: Routledge.

  Two authors
  Miles, M., & Huberman, M. (1994). Qualitative data analysisAn expanded
(2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

  Three to seven authors (list them all)
  Coyle, D., Hood, P., & Marsh, D. (2010). CLILContent and language integrated learning.
  Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University      Press.

  Chapter in a Book
  Sinlarat, P. (2004). Thai universities: Past, present, and future. In P.G. Altbach & T.
  Umakoshi (Eds.), Asian universitiesHistorical perspectives and contemporary
 (pp. 201-220). Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

  Book or report by a corporate author e.gorganisation, association,
  government department
  International Labour Organization. (2007). Equality at work: Tackling the   
  challenges (International Labour Conference report). Geneva, Switzerland: Author.

  2. Journal, magazine and newspaper in print format
  Author, A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume (issue), pp.-pp.

  One author
  Zhang, Z. (2013). Business English students learning to write for international business:
  What do international business practitioners have to say about their texts? English for
  Specific Purposes
32(3), 144-156.

  Two to seven authors (List all authors)
  Robinson, T. J., Fischer, L., Wiley, D. & Hilton, J. (2014). The impact of open textbooks
  on secondary science learning outcomes. Educational Researcher, 43(7), 341-351.

  Magazine article
  Mathews, J., Berrett, D., & Brillman, D. (2005, May 16). Other winning equations.
  Newsweek, 14(20), 58-59.

  3. Theses
  Author, A. (Year). Title of doctoral dissertation or Master’s thesis. (Doctoral  dissertation
  or Master’s thesis). Name of Institution, Location.
  Im-O-Cha, P. (2004)A comparative study of the structures of language and linguistics
  journal research article introductions written in Thai and in English
(Master’s thesis).
  Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
  4. Papers in conference proceedings (in print)

  Author, A. & Author, B. (Year). Title of paper. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Ed.), Title of
  Published Proceedings
. Paper presented at Title of Conference (pp. –pp.). Place of
  Publication: Publisher.

  *See online proceedings in Section 5. Online document.
  Pojanapunya, P. & Watson Todd, R. (2011). Relevance of findings in results to
  discussion sections in applied linguistics research
. In R. Watson Todd
  (Ed.), Proceedings of the international conference on Doing Research in Applied
(CD). Paper presented at Doing Research in Applied Linguistics 2 (pp. 51-60).
  Bangkok, Thailand: King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi.
  5. Online document
  Author, A. (Year). Title of article. Retrieved from URL
  Australian Education Network. (2014).   Foundation studies Australia. Retrieved from
  Online /e-Journal
  Higbee, J. L., Arendale, D. R. & Lundell, D. B. (2005). Using theory and research to
  improve access and retention in developmental education. New Directions for
  Community Colleges, 2005
(129), 5–15. Retrieved from

  ERIC Document
  Shyyan, V., Thurlow, M., & Liu, K. (2005). Student perceptions of instructional
Voices of English language learners with disabilities. Minneapolis, MN:
  National Center on Educational Outcomes, University of Minnesota. Retrieved from the
  ERIC database.(ED495903)

  Gebhard, J. G. (1990). The supervision of second and foreign language teachers. ERIC
, ERIC Clearinghouse on Language and Linguistics (EDO-FL-90-06). Washington,
  D.C.: Center for Applied Linguistics.  



  Online proceedings

  Author, A. (Year, Month). Title of Paper. Paper presented at Title of Conference. Retrieved
  from URL

  Balakrishnan, R. (2006, March). Why aren't we using 3D user interfaces, and will we
Paper presented at the IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces.