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This paper reports on case study examining relationships between English-as-a-Foreign-Language (EFL) students’ self-perceived pronunciation ability and their performance in an advanced pronunciation course at a Northeastern university in Thailand. The participants were 10 students randomly selected from a pool of 29 students enrolled in the course. The data came from classroom observations, students’ interviews and instructor’s interviews. The findings show that self-perception plays an important role in their pronunciation learning. In some cases, it was related to sociolinguistic factors, especially anxiety. The informants’
personality was another important factor related to their language learning behavior and learning outcome.
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