Intergenerational Transmission of Tolerance and Trust : Empirical Evidence from Indonesia


  • Reza Bangun Mahardika University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • Eny Sulistyaningrum Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia


intergenerational transmission, trust, tolerance


This paper investigates the intergenerational transmission of trust and tolerance from parents to their children in Indonesia. Using logistic regression and average marginal effects, this paper provides evidence that transmission of trust and tolerance from parent to child occurs in Indonesia. After controlling for household and individual characteristics, this study found evidence of intergenerational transmission of trust for neighbors, police, and strangers, as well as people of the same religion and ethnicity, from mother and father to the children. The paper also provides evidence for a positive correlation between tolerance for people of different faiths from father and mother to the children.


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