Perceptions of Job Displacement by Humanoid Robots in Thailand: An Empirical Inquiry


  • Alexander Franco Faculty of International Business Management, Payap University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  • Scott S. Roach Faculty of MBA Program, Stamford International University, Bangkok, Thailand


artificial intelligence, automation, humanoid robots, job displacement, Thailand


 The phenomenon of job displacement by robots, in general, and potentially by humanoid robots has generated a growing body of academic literature as well as studies from business-funded think tanks. Because of the infancy of its development as a technology, much of the literature on humanoid robotics is speculative, focusing mostly on psychometric factors regarding receptivity and not on workers’perception of job displacement or human-robot interaction in future workplaces. This economics study regarding future employment trends is an original, pioneering effort in examining the perceptions of job displacement and future human-robot work interaction in Thailand. It surveyed students in an English-medium MBA program at an international university in Bangkok, Thailand. Perceptions of job displacement were examined using the demographic variables of gender, age, employment status, and ethnic background. The study found partial support regarding all fourof the demographic variables studied, with more significant differences regarding gender and ethnicity.


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How to Cite

Franco, A., & S. Roach, S. (2023). Perceptions of Job Displacement by Humanoid Robots in Thailand: An Empirical Inquiry. SOUTHEAST ASIAN JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS, 11(3), 68–110. Retrieved from