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This research aimed to study the effectiveness of legal mechanisms that ASEAN uses for dispute settlement among member states. It studies the principles in which are the related protocols through ASEAN Charter comparing the mechanism of other international organizations such as International Court of Justice and World Trade Organization. This is because the dispute parties have chosen the resolution mechanism of these organizations for settling the disputes instead of the mechanism of ASEAN. Furthermore, this paper studies role model of the Court of Justice of Europe Union. Pursuant to those lead to analyze the problems or obstructions that are the causes that member states deviate from regional mechanism and using other mechanism for settling political, economic and trade disputes. The expected occurrence is the guidance for effective and practical ASEAN mechanism on dispute settlement.
It has found that, the existing mechanisms of related protocols show the complex procedure, the beginning of procedure must be agreed by both parties, short period of time upon the proceeding. Theses all are the practical problem. Essentially, the enforcement of the adjudication or decision is ambiguity and abstract. This paper could be recommended to establish specific bureau, which is permanent and continuous working such a court of justices of ASEAN.
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