THE CULTURAL EXISTENCE OF INDIGO DYED WISDOM: A CASE STUDY OF INDIGO DYEING IN PHANNA NIKHOM, SAKON NAKHON PROVINCE
This article aims to study the existence, the process of adaptation and creation of indigo dyed cloth in Phanna Nikhom, Sakon Nakhon Province from past to present time. The research findings reveal that the indigo dyed cloth was the intellectual heritage of the ancestors. It was the local wisdom comes with the weaving of the fabric and culture. They were produced indigo dyed cloths for household used only. The social conditions have been changed and effected to the next generation. They did not produce and use the indigo dyed clothes in their daily life, and with this reason, the indigo dyed clothes were extinct from the local community.
In 1992, the indigo dyed cloth was revived and became popular again. The producers were selling the indigo dyed products to the government officials in order to preserve and promote the indigo products which was one of the well-known products of the Sakon Nakhon, especially, the localization and globalization factors as a result of the indigo dyed cloth was well-known as a cultural product of many communities in Sakon Nakhon because of its uniqueness. It is the one of income source for the local community. They focused on production to those needed and responded of niche consumer market by using inherited from the foremother’s knowledge. Theirs cultural products consisted of procedures were following as; pattern creation, creative cultural products and creation of story. The indigo dyed cloth was the symbol of outstanding identity for the local group. It also represented the particular characteristics of the agricultural way of life, nature and belief of the group.
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