Development of the Interactive Imagery Training Program for Increasing Associative Memory in the Elderly: An Event-Related Potential Study

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กนกภรณ์ อ่วมพราหมณ์
เสรี ชัดแช้ม


The objectives of this research were to develop an interactive imagery training program for increasing associative memory in the elderly, and to compare its effectiveness on the correct response to face and name, as measured by: the average associative recognition memory index; and the mean magnitude of old/new effect after stimulus durations of 300 - 500 milliseconds (ms), and 500 - 700 ms. Participants were 44 adults, aged between 60 - 75, from the senior citizen club
of Nongsano Subdistrict Admintrative Organization Phetchaburi. They were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups with the same number of participants in each group. The research instruments were an interactive imagery training program, face-name associative recognition task, and the Neuroscan system. The data were analyzed by using repeated measures ANOVA.
The results showed that:
1. The associative recognition memory of the experimental group after training with the program evidenced a higher average of correct response to associative memory index when compared to before training, and also when to the control group (p< .05).
2. The mean magnitude of old/new effect of the experimental group after training with the program was higher than before training during the 500 - 700 ms at Frontal, Central, and during 500 - 700 ms at Frontal, Central, Temporal, Parietal, and Occipital (p< .05).
3. The mean magnitude of old/new effect of the experimental group after training with the program was higher than the control group during 500 - 700 ms at Frontal, Central, during 500 - 700 msat Frontal, Central, Temporal, Parietal, and Occipital (p< .05).
The results indicate that it may be concluded that the interactive imagery training program was capable of enhancing the associative memory of the elderly.

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บทความวิจัย (Research Articles)


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