Personal Resources and Work-Based Identity: Does Work Engagement Matter?

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Ma. Faye Fajardo
Imelu Moderno
Geraldine Go


Studies show that work-based identity is an important construct in understanding work-related behaviors such as their involvement in, attachment to and performance at work. Although several studies on individual characteristics have examined the potential precursors of work-based identity, examining this in the context of psychological capital (PsyCap) as an individual characteristic has yet to be explored. The present study aims to examine the association between psychological capital and work-based identity as mediated by work engagement. A sample of 642 faculty from different private and public colleges/universities in Iligan City, Lanao del Norte and Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental answered a set of questionnaires assessing teachers’ level of psychological capital, work engagement, and work-based identity. The results revealed that work engagement significantly mediated the link between psychological capital and work-based identity. This implies that teacher who possess high level of psychological capital (hope, self-efficacy, resilience and optimism) have stronger work-based identity due to higher level of work engagement. Conversely, those who reported lower level of psychological capital have reduced level of work engagement, which in turn, weakens their work-based identity. The findings of the study highlight the important role of psychological capital and work engagement toward teachers’ work-based identity.

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Fajardo, M. F., Moderno, I., & Go, G. (2023). Personal Resources and Work-Based Identity: Does Work Engagement Matter?. Asia Research Network Journal of Education, 3(3), 175–183. Retrieved from
Research Article


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