Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge: Levels of Practice of Chemistry Teachers

Main Article Content

L B Morales
Edna Nabua


The upsetting 88% of senior high school graduates in the Philippines having difficulty with general college chemistry is further exacerbated by the widely implemented modular distance learning in public schools. Teachers reported challenges on monitoring and validating student outputs as well as giving timely feedback. To assess the levels of practice of chemistry teachers in terms of content, pedagogy and technology was the impetus of this study. Engaging a descriptive-comparative design, an expert-validated rubric was used to cross-validate the COT-RPMS-rated levels of practice on technological, pedagogical and content knowledge (TPACK) among fourteen chemistry teachers in a public schools district in Kalibo, Aklan. The rubric adapted from Technology Proficiency Self-Assessment for the 21st Century (TPSA C21) by Christensen & Knezek (2015) and the department of education mandated pedagogies and chemistry curriculum standards. Intra-class correlation coefficients of 0.842 for content and 0.887 for pedagogy confirmed the concurrence between the scores given by the evaluators on the chemistry teachers’ instructional plans. The comparative analysis revealed lower levels of practice in all areas, with pedagogy having the lowest ratings using the rubric. The lecture method and whole class discussion of direct and interactive instruction strategies, respectively, were common among participants. Wilcoxon Signed Rank Tests confirmed significant differences in levels of practice of technological, pedagogical and content knowledge of teachers when COT-RPMS and the rubric ratings are equated against each other. An in-depth investigation on pedagogical levels of practice evident in instructional plans is strongly recommended.


Keywords: chemistry teachers; TPACK; Levels of Practice; Rubric,

Article Details

How to Cite
Morales, L. B., & Nabua, E. (2023). Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge: Levels of Practice of Chemistry Teachers. Asia Research Network Journal of Education, 3(3), 184–193. Retrieved from
Research Article
Author Biography

L B Morales, Mindanao State University-Iligan Institute of Technology, Philippines

He is one of the faculty of instruction in secondary basic education. He handles chemistry classes and research is his passion.


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