The Analysis of the Determinants that Affect Education Expenditure in Low Income Countries and Lower Middle Income Countries

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Wisaruta Thongkamkaew
Anchana NaRanong
Athakrit Thepmongkol


This research article aims to analyze key factors affecting primary and secondary education expenditures in low income countries and lower middle income countries and suggest the educational allocation in poor areas and the areas faced with inequalities. The researcher mainly used quantitative research supported by documentary research. The sample used in this research encompassed 45 countries from low income countries and lower middle income countries. The results showed that the government’s revenues significantlyaffected education expenditure at the  primary level. The government should manage an appropriate allocation to poor students who lack opportunities for receiving primary education. Also, high unemployment directly and significantly affected the educational expenditure at the secondary level. The government should provide secondary students with education, preparing them for enter the labor market, such as skill enhancement. Moreover, a low rate of corruption significantly affected the education expenditure at the secondary level. The
government should be able to fully manage the educational allocation for its country’s development.


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บทความวิจัย (Research Articles)
Author Biography

Wisaruta Thongkamkaew, School of Public Administration, National Institute of Development Administration

D.P.A. Student (Public Policy), School of Public Administration, National Institute of Development Administration.


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