The objectives of this mixed methods research were to 1. compare the differences of Innovative Behavior (IB) by personal factors of employees, 2. study human resource human resource management approach (HRMA) affect on IB, and 3. study the influence of HRMA affect on IB. Studying 6 companies. The study processes consisted of in-depth interviewing the executive and surveying, the samples were 403 employees. The instruments used in this study were researcher and questionnaire. Comparing the differences of employees’ IB by t-test, one way ANOVA, and LSD were used to compare the difference between groups. In-depth interview, Factor Analysis and Path Analysis had been done to analyze the affect and influence of HRMA on IB.
The research found that 1. employees with different gender, education, age and years of work experiences had different IB, as for the different work status, executive position and line staff had no different IB, 2. the important opinion of executives was the leaders must clearly assign subordinates to create innovation base on their needs. The 8 factors that reflect IB which consist of 1) organizational motivation 2) role model of leadership 3) counseling from supervisor 4) personal motivation 5) learning encouragement 6) organization recognize significance of IB 7) stimulation from supervisor 8) internal communication. These 8 factors can be described in the study of IB at 71.52 percent, and 3. gender, education, years of work experience, personal motivation, role model of leadership, stimulation from supervisor, organization recognize the innovation and internal communication directly influenced on IB, while age, organization motivation, counseling from supervisor and learning encouragement had indirectly influence on IB.
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