Main Article Content
Currently, Ministry of Information, Communication and Technology in Thailand has focused on
information and communication technology (ICT) to provide innovation solutions for socio-economic
growth. The best concept for ICT Reform is that the Thai government should not dominate the role of
providing ICT services, but they should be run more efficiently by private companies. Rather, the role of
the government should be to be responsible for planning, structuring and regulation, whilst the private
sector may be responsible for management, investment, construction and finance. The transfer of
responsibility to the private sector and the introduction of competition should be accomplished through
some transparent arrangements including management contracts, capital leases, concessions, sale of assets
and rights to operate (Best Practices for Telecommunications Reform, 2002). However, there exist
difficulties when the government has to formulate the ICT policy. The policymakers are often unfamiliar
with the technologies that they are harnessing for the national development. This article explores the
national ICT development models employed in different countries which exhibit some similarities and
differences. In overall, the ICT policy is not only the direction about developing the ICT industry or
sector of the economy but also encompasses the use of ICTs to engender social and economic growth.
In economics, the main engine of growth remains located in West, the United States and Europe.
When this engine stalls which happened to be the case in 2007-2009, the global economy declines. What
is the driver to shift the decline paradigm to move opposite side? Of course, the strengthen ICT policy
will be one of answers to enable ICT into socio-economic sector. For instant, China, India and Vietnam
enhance the competitiveness of the country by pushing and promoting the use of ICT by preparing the
developing ICT infrastructure in order to support economic sector restructuring, the use of ICT to access
education resources for life-long learning, and ICT for the development for government services and
administration in the form of e-government. The role of the governments are primarily for facilitation,
while it is the ICT industry that plays a key role in the physical realization of our policy decisions and
contributes significantly towards the goals.
In this study, fact findings were obtained through extensive reviews of analyzed and processed
relevant documents, journals, books, internet, researches, theses, and conference proceedings papers,
which proved valuable for establishing a ground for comparing current national ICT policies in
different countries. Concurrently, the primary data collected from six interviewees who were
stakeholders (policy maker, regulator, operator, university professor and consultant) in the industry and
joined an international conference in Korea and Vietnam with an emphasis on agriculture and tourism.
Those were related field of agriculture and tourism. This is the foundation of economic and social
activity that will enhance national competitiveness in economics, trade and industry. It would also lift
the well-being and quality of life of the people, and can help bring about equality. Countries can
develop National ICT Policy to define by “Government Management”, and the government has to
monitor and evaluate plan seriously.
This study found that not only technological adoptions but also a result of compliance to the
prior plans is a major success of the implementation. Like Japan and Korea, they may be superior
examples for Thailand to improve and develop its government national ICT policies management
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