The Need for Redefining Thai Slavery in History Textbooks

Authors

  • Yaninie Phaithayawat

Keywords:

Redefining, Textbook, Thai slavery

Abstract

The definitions of Thai slavery in history textbooks had rarely changed although the national education plans and Thai curricula were revised many times over several decades. This article argues that there is the need for redefining Thai slavery in history textbooks in order to prevent the misconception of Thai slavery among students and to broaden the discussion of Thai slavery definition. The study was conducted by examining many textbooks authorized by the Ministry of Education from 1928 till 2001. Those textbooks were divided into two levels: lower levels (grade1-6) and upper levels (grade7-9), and were categorized in different curricula: the first one before 1960, the second one in 1960, the third one in 1978, the fourth one in 1990, and the latest one in 2001. The study discloses that the scholars writing those textbooks mostly defined Thai slaves as someone with a poor status and portrayed that the abolition of Thai slavery was the great royal duty of King Chulalongkorn. This led students to believe that the abolition of slavery was based on the effort of king Chulalongkorn to ensure freedom and liberty to all slaves. In addition, Thai slavery was compared to the Western slavery by the scholars in term of its status and its abolition. Thai slavery was different from that in other countries. The limited scope of discussion on Thai slavery definition and one-sided narration of Thai slavery should be addressed. This article suggests more in-depth analysis of redefining Thai slavery and encourages more discussion on this definition in both the scholar research and history textbook. This leads to the conclusion that the narration of slavery in Thai history textbooks should be revised in order to broaden students’ understanding on Thai slavery.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aksorn, Y. Bunyaniwasna, W. and Tim-am, S.
(2000). Thai history textbook for
the sixth grade of primary school.
Bangkok: Aksornchareontat.
Bureau of Academic Affairs and Educational
Standards (2001). The Curriculum
of Learning Group of Social
Studies, Religion and Culture.
Bangkok: Sahakornkarn Kaset Press.
Harriet Beecher, S. (1852). Uncle Tom’s
cabin: or life among the lowly, 2
vols. Boston: John F. Jewett&
Company.
Jamornman, C. Wittayanon, P. Suriya, S. and
Bunyarattavej S. (1971). Thai and
foreign history textbook for
secondary school first-graders.
Bangkok: Kurusapa press.
Kasetsiri, C. et al. (1982). S 605 Thai
historical textbook. Bangkok: Thai
Vattanapanich co.lmt.
Keawmoang, D. Sanitwongse Na Ayuddhaya,
W. and Mulsilpa, W. (1986). S 0210
The Thai social and cultural
history social studies textbook at
the secondary school level.
Bangkok: Vattanapanich press.
Khun Wittayawutthi, Luang Lualamsattri,
Luang Shunnahaksikarn and Pra
Pawarolan Wittaya (1935). The
Siamese history. Bangkok:
Bamroonugoonkij press.
Kopatta, C. (1990). Slaves and socioeconomic
change during the
Rattanakosin period, 1782-1905.
Master’s thesis in History,
Chulalongkorn University.
Lomlim, T. and Kumara, P. (2005). The
textbook for the secondary school
in the fourth phase of education.
Bangkok: Vattanapanich press.
Lomlim, T. and Meekusol, P. (2005). The
basic history textbook in the
social studies, religion, and
culture learning group for the
sixth grade of primary school in
the second phase. Bangkok:
Vattanapanich press.
Pannananon, C. (1982). Siamese slavery: the
institution and its abolition,
Ph.D.dissertation in history,
University of Michigan.
Pongsomboon, C. (1989). Development of
social studies textbook at the
secondary education level in
Thailand. Master’s Thesis, Faculty
of Education, Graduate Studies,
Chulalongkorn University.
Sewamart, V. (1990). Siamese slavery: the
abolition of slavery in the reign of
King Chulalongkorn. Master’s thesis
in political science. Thammasart
University.
Susayan, A. (1981). Changes of the Phrai
system and their effects on Thai
society in the reign of King
Chulalongkorn, Master’s thesis,
Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn
University.
Sutthisasanakul, S. (1993). A Study of the
Development of Life Elementary
of Life Experiences Area
Textbooks at the Elementary
Education Level, Master’s thesis,
Faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn
University.
Swadpanich, K. (1962). The social studies
textbook of the second grade of
primary school level. Bangkok:
Kurusapa press.
Witiddarunkul, P. (1928). The teacher’s
book for the etiquette textbook
of the 2nd grade. Bangkok:
Bamroonugoonkij press.
Yotsawat, D. Intrumpan, L. and Chaidet, T.
(1982). Our neighboring countries
textbook for sixth-graders in
primary school. Bangkok: Kurusapa
press Ladprao.

Downloads

Published

2019-10-09

How to Cite

Phaithayawat, Y. (2019). The Need for Redefining Thai Slavery in History Textbooks. Research and Development Journal Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, 10(1), 118. Retrieved from https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/220523