Factors Influencing Organizational Commitment of Personnel in Educational Command Office Royal Thai Police

Main Article Content

Suramon Chancharoen

Abstract

In this research, the researcher studies (1) the levels at which employees of the Police Education Bureau opinions of factors governing organizational commitment and the organizational commitment of these employees.  In addition, the researcher examines (2) the relationships between these factors and the organizational commitment of the employees.  Finally, furthermore, the researcher (3) determines the influence of these factors as they exert effects on the organizational commitment of the employees. The sample population consisted of 300 employees of the Police Education Bureau. A questionnaire was used as a research instrument to collect germane data.  Using techniques of descriptive statistics, the researcher analyzed the data collected in terms of frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation. Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient (PPMCC) method and stepwise multiple regression analysis were also employed by the researcher. Findings are as follows: 1. The employees exhibited the opinions toward factors exerting effects on organizational commitment overall at a high level.  When considered in each aspect, it was found that the mean was at a high level for four aspects: First were work relationships and job satisfaction. Next in descending order were job characteristics and leadership. The mean was at a moderate level in two aspects: having the opportunity for advancement and professional development and total compensation.The organizational commitment of the employees overall was evinced at a moderate level. Furthermore, the aspects-viz., normative commitment, affective commitment, and continuous commitment were also displayed at a moderate level. 2. Factors exerting effects on organizational commitment in the aspect of leadership exhibited positive relationships at a high level with the organizational commitment of the employees at the statistically significant level of .05. The factors exerting effects on organizational commitment viz., job satisfaction, having the opportunity for advancement and professional development, job characteristics, and total compensation showed moderate positive relationships with organizational commitment at the statistically significant level of .05. The factor qua aspect of work relationships showed a positive relationship with organizational commitment at the statistically significant level of .05. 3.The five variables that were explanatory of factors influencing the organizational commitment of the employees at the statistically significant level of .05 were leadership, having the opportunity for advancement and professional development, job satisfaction, total compensation, and job characteristics. All of these factors displayed the multiple correlation coefficient at (R) = 0.840 and were explanatory at 70.10 percent (R2 Adjusted = 0.701). The factor of work relationship did not influence the organizational commitment of the employees.


 

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