Main Article Content
The purposes of this study were 1) to analyze the factor of student engagement of primary school students and secondary school students in Thailand and examining the quality of the student engagement scale after analyze the factor; and 2) to analyze the profile group of primary school students and secondary school students in Thailand according to the level of student engagement. The data was a secondary data derived from School Quality Improvement Program. The research instrument was student engagement scale. Data were analyzed by using exploratory factor analysis, Cronbach’s alpha for internal consistency reliability, item discrimination and latent profile analysis. The research finding were showed that 1) the factor of student engagement both of primary school students and secondary school students consisted of 4 factors include relationship with teachers and school, behavioral engagement, relationship with friends and relationship with family; 2) for primary school students, the total scale reliability was .82 and when considering each factor, the reliability was between .50 to .74, and for secondary school students, the total scale reliability was .82 and when considering each factor, the reliability was between .54 to .77; 3) for primary school students, the average item discrimination was .41, and the item discrimination were between .32 and .53, for secondary school students, the average item discrimination was .42 and the items discrimination were between .32 and .49 and 4) student engagement profile of both of primary school students and secondary school students consisted of 3 groups which were: the group that are above average; the group is at average; and the group that are below average.
ทัศนี ประสบกิตติคุณ และ ฟองคำ ติลกสกุลชัย. (2554). แบบสอบถามการรับรู้สมรรถนะของตนเองในการดูแล ทารก:การวิเคราะห์ข้อคำถาม. Journal of Nursing Science, 29(3), 43-51.
นงลักษณ์ วิรัชชัย. (2555). การวิเคราะห์องค์ประกอบเชิงยืนยัน. วารสารวิจัยและพัฒนาหลักสูตร, 2(1), 68-74.
ศิริชัย กาญจนวาสี. (2556). ทฤษฎีการทดสอบแบบดั้งเดิม. กรุงเทพมหานคร: โรงพิมพ์แห่งจุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย.
Appleton, J. J., Christenson, S. L., Kim, D., & Reschly, A. L. (2006). Measuring cognitive and psychological engagement: Validation of the student engagement instrument. Journal of School Psychology, 44(5), 427-445.
Appleton, J. J., Christenson, S. L., & Furlong, M. J. (2008). Student engagement with school: Critical conceptual
and methodological issues of the construct. Psychology in the Schools, 45(5), 369-386.
Chapman, E. (2003). Alternative approaches to assessing student engagement rates. Practical Assessment, 8(13), 1-7.
Chase, P. A., Hilliard, L. J., Geldhof, G. J., Warren, D. J., & Lerner, R. M. (2014). Academic achievement in the high school years: The changing role of school engagement. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43(6), 884-896.
Cristescu, I. & Balog, A. (2018). Exploring Motives for Using Facebook: A Latent Profile Analysis. Studies in Informatics and Control, 27(3), 331-338.
Fredricks, J. A., Blumenfeld, P. C., & Paris, A. H. (2004). School engagement: Potential of the concept, state of the evidence. Review of Educational Research, 74(1), 59-109.
Fredricks, J., McColskey, W., Meli, J., Mordica, J., Montrosse, B., & Mooney, K. (2011). Measuring student engagement in upper elementary through high school: A description of 21 instruments. Regional Educational Laboratory Southeast, 98, 1-88.
Fredricks, J. A., & McColskey, W. (2012). The measurement of student engagement: A comparative analysis of various methods and student self-report instruments. In Christenson, S. L., Reschly, A. L., Wylie, C. (Eds.), Handbook of research on student engagement (pp. 763-782). New York: Springer.
Hazel, C. E., Vazirabadi, G. E., & Gallagher, J. (2013). Measuring aspirations, belonging, and productivity in secondary students: Validation of the student school engagement measure. Psychology in the Schools, 50(7), 689-704.
Hazel, C. E., Vazirabadi, G. E., Albanes, J., & Gallagher, J. (2014). Evidence of convergent and discriminant validity of the student school engagement measure. Psychological Assessment, 26(3), 806-814.
Hubbard, J. A., Smith, M. A., & Rubin, R. M. (2013). Use of latent profile analysis to assess the validity of a peer-rejected group of children. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 42(6), 843-854.
Karpouzas, G. A., Strand, V., & Ormseth, S. R. (2018). Latent profile analysis approach to the relationship between patient and physician global assessments of rheumatoid arthritis activity. RMD open, 4(1), 1-10. doi:10.1136/rmdopen-2018-000695
Li, Y., & Lerner, R. M. (2013). Interrelations of behavioral, emotional, and cognitive school engagement in high school students. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42(1), 20-32.
Lovelace, M. D., Reschly, A. L., Appleton, J. J., & Lutz, M. E. (2014). Concurrent and predictive validity of the student engagement instrument. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 32(6), 509-520.
Maynard, B. R., Salas-Wright, C. P., Vaughn, M. G., & Peters, K. E. (2012). Who are truant youth? Examining distinctive profiles of truant youth using latent profile analysis. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 41(12), 1671-1684.
Oberski, D. (2016). Mixture models: Latent profile and latent class analysis. In J. Robertson, & M. Kaptein (Eds.), Modern statistical methods for HCI (pp. 275-287). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.
Paek, S. H., & Runco, M. A. (2018). A latent profile analysis of the criterion-related validity of a divergent thinking Test. Creativity Research Journal, 30(2), 212-223.
Stanley, L., Kellermanns, F. W., & Zellweger, T. M. (2017). Latent profile analysis: Understanding family firm profiles. Family Business Review, 30(1), 84-102.
Tadesse, T., & Gillies, R. M. (2017). Testing robustness, model fit, and measurement invariance of the student engagement scale in an African university context. Australian Journal of Career Development, 26(3), 92-102.
Virtanena, T. E., Lerkkanen, M. K., Poikkeus, A. M., & Kuorelahti, M. (2016). Student engagement and school burnout in Finnish lower-secondary schools: Latent profile analysis. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 62(4), 1-19.
Whitney, B. M., Cheng, Y., Brodersen, A. S., & Hong, M. R. (2018). The Scale of student engagement in statistics: Development and initial validation. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 375(5), 553-565.
Williams & Kibowski. (2015). Latent class analysis and latent profile analysis. In L. A. Jason & D. S. Glenwick (Eds.), Handbook of methodological approaches to community-based research: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods (pp. 143-151). Oxford: Oxford university press.
Woods, A. D., McNiff, J., & Coleman, L. (2018). A comparative analysis: Assessing student engagement on African-American male student-athletes at NCAA divisional and NAIA institutions. Education, 138(4), 356-368.
Yu, M., Chasson, G. S., Wang, M., Zhu, Y., Xu, Q., & Wang, J. (2018). The latent profile analysis of Chinese adolescents’ anxiety: Examination and validation. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 59, 74-81.