Illness and Healthcare-Seeking Behavior among Cambodian Transnational Workers in Chong Chom Border Market, Surin Province, Thailand

Authors

  • วิลาสิณี คีตวัฒนานนท์
  • ณัฐณีย์ มีมนต์
  • Seung Chun Paek
  • ธรรมรัตน์ มะโรหบุตร

Keywords:

Cambodian transnational worker, Social Safety Net, Healthcare-Seeking Behavior, Illness, Chong Chom Border Market, Thailand

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the illness characteristics and the healthcare seeking behavior among Cambodian transnational workers and the relationship between social factors, health status and healthcare seeking behavior. A convenient sample of 350 Cambodian transnational workers who owned a business or work in the Chong Chom Border Market completed the survey questionnaire. The data was analyzed using Chi-square and Fisher's Exact Test. In one month, 63.7% of the respondents reported to have a symptom of illness. Respiratory related symptoms such as cold, cough, runny nose and sore throat were
the most frequent among the respondents. Those who were female, with over 40 years of age, with congenital diseases, and being employed to work in a shop reported the illness symptoms compared to the other subgroups. Among those who reported having the symptoms, 54.3% did
not seek for any formal care or only bought over-the-counter medicine. Among those who sought care in a health facility, 74% visited a health facility in Thailand. Most of them seek for care in public hospitals, followed by private hospitals, private clinics and public health centers,
respectively. The other 26% went back to receive health services in Cambodia. The social factors significantly associated with healthcare seeking (p<0.05) included severity of illness, occupation, work pattern, length of time working in Chong Chom, income, housing characteristic,
legal status, documents that used to cross the border into Thailand, the level and skill of speaking Thai, health insurance and informal safety net. Those who perceived their illness as more severe, did not own a business in the market, had been working in the market for a longer
time, had higher income, possessed a work permit, could communicate in Thai and had peers or family members living or working in the area were more likely to seek for healthcare in Thailand.

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Published

2019-09-04

How to Cite

คีตวัฒนานนท์ ว., มีมนต์ ณ., Paek, S. C., & มะโรหบุตร ธ. (2019). Illness and Healthcare-Seeking Behavior among Cambodian Transnational Workers in Chong Chom Border Market, Surin Province, Thailand. Research and Development Journal Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, 8(2), 96. Retrieved from https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/irdssru/article/view/214467