Theory and Learning in the Digital Age: Connectivism and Hybrid or Blended Learning


  • Sutthiporn Thanthong คณะครุศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏสวนสุนันทา


connectivism theory, blended learning, hybrid learning, digital age


The connectivism was developed from the limitations of the behaviorism, and constructivism or Constructionism. Because of the changing trend of the digital age, knowledge information; especially in the online network, was increasing rapidly. Learning of connectivism is the process of connecting those data or nodes into a knowledge network and create knowledge. The connectivism has important principles regarding about diversity, accuracy, reliability, currency of information that students need to make decisions and practice connections, and learning may reside in non-human appliances. The role of the teachers according to the connectivism is to prepare a variety of learning environments, promote digital intelligence, and guide the learners in various learning activities. While the students must connect, learn, memory and transfer knowledge. Instruction/ Learning management in relation to the connectivism is blended learning. Because it uses the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in combination with traditional or face-to-face learning, which has 6 models, which are 1) face to face driver model, 2) rotation model, 3) flex model, 4) online lab school model, 5) self-blend model, and 6) online driver model. In the process of technology-based learning, students will create knowledge through the learning process based on the connectivism, which is to receive data and interpret data that is connected to a knowledge network. Therefore, the connectivism and hybrid/blended learning is considered to be the theory and learning suitable for the digital age.


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How to Cite

Thanthong ส. . (2020). Theory and Learning in the Digital Age: Connectivism and Hybrid or Blended Learning. Suan Sunandha Academic and Research Review, 14(1), 79–93. Retrieved from



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