Adoption of the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products

Main Article Content

Chardsumon Prutipinyo


Thai tobacco product control laws have been very advanced. But in these laws cannot control or eliminate the illegal trade in tobacco products. This article aims to present Thailand on the Protocol to Eliminate Illegal Trafficking of Tobacco Products. By participating in, signing and accepting, the Protocol to eliminate illicit trade, the illegal trade in tobacco products can be eliminated, First of all, causes of prevention the supply chain of tobacco products can be traced and traced through a series of government and global measures, that share information around the world. Secondly, good law enforcement in accordance with protocols that establish best practices, related to the trade in tobacco products, including any illegal actions.  Lastly, there should be an international cooperation among the parties, and between intergovernmental organizations dealing with trade, excise, customs, and crime.

Article Details

Academic Article


กรมสรรพสามิต. (2562) สรรพสามิตยึดบุหรี่ต่างประเทศเถื่อนล็อตใหญ่ที่ปัตตานี. ค้นจาก https://

พระราชบัญญัติควบคุมผลิตภัณฑ์ยาสูบ พ.ศ. 2560 ราชกิจจานุเบกษา เล่ม 134 ตอนที่ 39 ก 5 เมษายน
2560. ค้นจาก

พระราชบัญญัติศุลกากร พ.ศ. 2560 ราชกิจจานุเบกษา เล่ม 134/ตอนที่ 53 ก/หน้า 26/17
พฤษภาคม 2560. ค้นจาก

พระราชบัญญัติสรรพสามิต พ.ศ. 2560 ราชกิจจานุเบกษา เล่ม 134/ตอนที่ 32 ก/หน้า 1/20
มีนาคม 2560. ค้นจาก

โรงงานยาสูบ กระทรวงการคลัง. (2561) รายงานผลกระทบจากการบังคับใช้พระราชบัญญัติภาษี
สรรพสามิต พ.ศ. 2560 และกฎหมายที่เกี่ยวข้อง. หน้า 25

วศิน พิพัฒนฉัตร. (2561). การพัฒนากฎหมายควบคุมยาสูบในประเทศไทยตามกรอบอนุสัญญาว่า
ด้วยการควบคุมยาสูบ. วารสารกฎหมายสุขภาพและสาธารณสุข,4(3),366

นิทัศน์ ศิริโชติรัตน์. (2558) กรอบอนุสัญญาการควบคุมการบริโภคยาสูบขององค์การอนามัยโลก.
สุชาดา ตั้งทางธรรม. (2563) ภาษียาสูบของไทย : เครื่องมือนโยบาย หรือ ตลกร้ายในวงการ
ยาสูบโลก. สถาบันส่งเสริมสุขภาพไทย. ค้นจาก

A Critique of the ITIC/OE Asia-14 Illicit Tobacco Indicator 2013, Bangkok, 2015;
American Cancer Society.

Adrian Cooper, Daniel Witt. (2012). The linkage between tax burden and illicit trade of
excisable products: the example of tobacco. World Customs Journal, Volume 6,
Number 2.

Chen J, McGhee S, Townsend J, Lam TH, Hedley A. (2015) Did the tobacco industry
inflate estimates of illicit cigarette consumption in Asia? An empirical analysis.
Tobacco Control. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051937

EU. (2010). Organised Crime Threat Assessment (OCTA).
Euro-monitor International. (2013). Illicit trade in tobacco products.
European Commission. (2011). cite in Commission Staff Working Document Evaluation of the
Council Directive 2011/64/EU of 21 June 2011 on the structure and rates of excise duty
applied to manufactured tobacco pp.9.

European Commission. (2013) Stepping up the fight against cigarette smuggling and
other forms of illicit trade in tobacco products – A Comprehensive EU Strategy.

European Union. (3 April 2014). Directive 2014/40/EU of The European Parliament and of the

FCTC Implementation Database. (n.d). Data on the percentage of smuggled tobacco
products. Retrieved from

FCTC WHO. (2005). Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Retrieved from

Framework Convention Alliance Illicit Trade Protocol Becomes International Law.
(2018). Retrieved from
- law.
Frank J Chaloupka, Teh-wei Hu, Kenneth E Warner, Rowena Jacobs, and Ayda

Yurekli. (2000) The Taxation of Tobacco Products’, in Prabhat Jha and Frank J
Chaloupka (eds), Tobacco Control in Developing Countries. OUP: Oxford, 237-
272, Retrieved from

Gilmore AB, Rowell A, Gallus S, Lugo A, Joossens L, Sims M. (2013). Towards a greater
understanding of the illicit tobacco trade in Europe: a review of the PMI-funded
“Project Star” report. Tobacco Control. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-

Interpol. Against Organised Crime. Lyon, 2014.

IARC. (2011). IARC Handbooks of Cancer Prevention: Tobacco Control. Volume14. Effectiveness of Price and Tax Policies for Control of Tobacco. Lyon:
International Agency for Research on Cancer.

Johnson P. (2010). Cost Benefit Analysis of the FCTC Protocol on Illicit Trade in
Tobacco Products, A report prepared for ASH. London.
London Euro-monitor International. (2014). Market research on consumer products,
commercial industries, demographics trends and consumer lifestyles.
Merriman David, Ayda Yurekli & Frank J Chaloupka, (2000) ‘How Big is the Worldwide
Cigarette Smuggling Problem?’, in Prabhat Jha and Frank J Chaloupka (eds),
Tobacco Control in Developing Countries. OUP: Oxford, 365-392, Retrieved
from .

OCCRP. (2011) Big Trouble at Big Tobacco. Retrieved from https://reportingproject.

Roberto Iglesias, Prabhat Jha, Márcia Pinto, Vera Luiza da Costa e Silva, and Joana Godinho.
(2007). Tobacco Control in Brazil. Human Development Department. Latin America
and the Caribbean Region. The World Bank and Health, Nutrition, and Population
Department; Human Development Network, The World Bank.

Rowell A, Evans-Reeves K, Gilmore AB (2014). Tobacco industry manipulation of data
on and press coverage of the illicit tobacco trade in the UK. Tobacco Control.
May,23(e1) , e35-43, SEATCA,

The Hague. (2011). Europol’s 2011 Organised Crime Threat Assessment (OCTA).
Retrieved from

United Nations. (2012). CHAPTER IX HEALTH 4. a Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in
Tobacco Products Seoul, Retrieved from
Van Walbeek C, (2014) Measuring changes in the illicit cigarette market using
government revenue data: the example of South Africa, Tobacco Control.

Volkan Çetinkaya , Patricio V. Marquez. (2017). Tobacco and Taxation in Turkey: an overview
of policy measure and results. . World Bank. Washington, D.C.

WHO. (2006) Second report of Committee : Additional matters identified in the Convention for consideration by the Conference of the Parties’ (World Health Organization, Conference of the Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, first session, agenda item 5, A/FCTC/COP/1/10, 17 February 2006) 2

WHO. (2013). Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products, the Conference of the
Parties to the WHO FCTC). Retrieved from
World Customs Organisation, (2014). WCO publishes the Illicit Trade Report 2013.
Retrieved from

World Health Organization. (2015). The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco
Control: an overview. Retrieved from

World Health Organization. (2020) Illicit trade increases tobacco use. Retrieved from