The Factors Affecting Fertility Rate in Thai Female Reproductive Age

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Paveena Tonekaew
Ratchapan Choiejit

Abstract

This article aimed to study the factors affecting fertility rate in Thai female reproductive age, the sample was Thai female fertility rate aged 15-49, aged 15-24, aged 25-34 and aged 35-49. They were selected by female labor force participation rate corresponding to the reproductive aged, male labor force participation rate, GDP growth rate and childcare availability the instrument for collecting data was the time series data for 21 years between 1998 to 2018 and applied multiple regression analysis to analyzed factor affecting fertility rate. Analysis data by descriptive statistics and content Analysis. The research results were found as follows; 1. Male labor force participation rate had statistical positive relationship to female fertility rate in all aged groups except female in 35-49 years of age. 2. Childcare availability and GDP growth had statistical negative relationship to fertility rate. 3. Female labor force participation rate had statistical negative relationship to fertility rate for female in working aged including female reproductive aged 25-34 and aged 35-49 respectively. This study indicated that an increasing in GDP annually which imply to the economic expansion associates to an increased in female labor force participation rate especially in working aged women reduce their fertility. However, nursery quality development refer to reduction number of children to caregiver being a factor to increase female fertility rate. An increasing of employment rate for male or maintain the male rate of employment was a positive measures to increase female fertility rate in Thailand.

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How to Cite
Tonekaew, P., & Choiejit, R. (2022). The Factors Affecting Fertility Rate in Thai Female Reproductive Age. Rajapark Journal, 16(48), 200–217. Retrieved from https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/RJPJ/article/view/257966
Section
Research Article

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