Social Space and Lifestyles : Cross Cultural Research (Thailand Australia)

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Rungson Chomeya
Araya Piyakun

Abstract

The purposes of this study were: 1) to examine the six lifestyles of Australian and Thai urban and rural areas students in total and in each style, and 2) to compare the students’ lifestyles across social spaces (urban and rural) and across countries (Australia and Thailand). The participants of the study consisted of 213 students (112 Thai students and 101 Australian students) Set the sample size by using budget and accidental sampling. The instruments included the lifestyles t questionnaire. The questionnaire has discrimination by Item total correlation coefficient between .54 - .88 and reliability measured by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.79. The statistics used in the study were mean, standard deviation, and t-test. The results revealed that:



  1. The results showed that all groups of participants had the scores of lifestyles at the average levels. Excepting conservative and homey styles, the Thai participants had the scores at the high level. The Australian participants from urban area had the highest preference on healthy lifestyle, but the least preference on trendy lifestyle. The Australian participants from rural area had the highest score on night going lifestyle, but the lowest score on conservative lifestyle. Interestingly, the Thai participants both from urban and rural areas favored conservative style, but not night going style.


       2. There was the statistically significant difference between Thai and Australian students urban and rural areas at 0.05. Interestingly, the Thai participants had more apparent lifestyles than Australian participants in overall and each type of life styles, but not for night going lifestyle. The healthy lifestyle of Australian participants was higher than Thai participants.

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