Main Article Content
Lecturers in autonomous universities are in the relationship that under regulations, rules, announcements, orders or contracts set up by the university council, according to the law of university establishment. However, there is no central law or standard for protection that is not lower than the labor laws. This situation affects academic freedom of lecturers who must comply with their employment contracts in providing educational public services. This research aimed to study concepts, theories and laws that relate to the protection of academic freedom and the management of human resources, public services and good governance of autonomous universities. This qualitative research studied about legal measures for protecting academic freedom of lecturers in autonomous universities, both in Thailand and other countries, and then suggested solutions. The documentary research technique and research synthesis process were used. The results found that, according to the public law, autonomous universities in Thailand are legal entities. Their management process is independent without clear “guidelines” or “minimum standards” compared to other countries, where the status of lecturers is protected by standards and opportunities to participate in management process are given. Therefore, a central law to protect the status of lecturers in autonomous universities is needed in Thailand, in order to clarify legal measures for academic freedom protection.
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