The Effects of Institutional Care on Children

Main Article Content

Harutai Kamolsirisakul


This article points out the effects of institutionalization on children in various aspects of development such as physical development, cognitive development, behavioral development, social and emotional development, psychological development and attachment disorder. It also discusses theories on youth motivation and engagement so that practitioners can use when working on an implementation of youth development.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details



Balbernie, R. (2001). Circuits and circumstances: The neurobiological consequences of early

relationship experiences and how they shape later behavior. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 27(3), 237-255.

Beckett, C., Maughan, B., Rutter, M., Castle, J., Colvert, E., Groothues,C., Kreppner, J.,Stevens, S., O’Connor, T.G. and Sonuga-Barke, E.J.S. (2006). Do the effects of early severe deprivation on cognition persist into early adolescence? Findings from the English and Romanian adoptees study. Child Development, 77(3), 696-711.

Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss. Attachment volume 1. London : Hogarth Press.

Brendtro, L. K. (2006). The Vision of Urie Bronfenbrenner: Adults Who Are Crazy about Kids. Reclaiming Children & Youth, 15(3), 162-166.

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1977). Toward an Experiment Ecology of Human Development. American Psychologist, 32(7), 513-531.

Bronfenbrenner, U. and S.J. Ceci. (1994). Nature-Nuture Reconceptualized in Developmental Perspective: A Bioecological Model. Psychological Review, 101(4), 568-586.

Browne, K. (2009). The Risk of Harm to Young Children in Institutional Care. United Kingdom : Save the Children.

Carter R. (2005). Family Matters : A study of institutional childcare in Central and Eastern and the Former Soviet Union. London : Every child.

Csikszentmihalyi, M., Rathunde, K., & Whalen, S. (1993). Talented teenagers : The roots of successand failure. New York : Cambridge University Press.

Dozier, M., C. H. Zeannah, A. R.Wallin, and C. Shauffer. (2012). Institutional Care for Young Children : Review of Literature and Policy Implications. Social Issues and Policy Review, 6(1), 1-25.

Feldman, Robert S. (1996). Understanding Psychology. 4th ed. New York : McCraw-Hill.

Hidi, Suzanne and Renninger K. Ann. (2006). The Four-Phase Model of Interest Development. Educational Psychologist, 41(2), 111-127.

Johnson R., Browne K.D. and Hamilton-Giachritsis C.E. (2006). Young children in institutional care at risk of harm. Trauma Violence and Abuse, 7(1), 126.

Kadushin, A. (1974). Child Welfare Services. 2nd ed. New York : MacMillan.

Lawrence Kohberg and Richard H.Hersh. (1977). Moral Development: A Review of the Theory. Theory into Practice, 16 (2), 53-59.

Lerner, R.M., Fisher, C.B., Weinberg, R.A.) (2000). Toward a Science for and of the People : Promoting Civil Society through the Application of Developmental Science. Child Development. 71, 11-20.

Maclean, K. (2003). The Impact of Institutionalization on Child Development. Development and Psychopathology, 15(4), 853-884.

McCall, Robert et al. (2012). The Development and Care of Institutionally Reared Children : The Leiden Conference on the Development and Care of Children without Permanent Parents. Child Development Perspectives, 6(2), 174-180.

Moin, Syed and Inge Seiffge-Krenke. (2013). Personality Development From Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood : Linking Trajectories of Ego Development to the Family Context and Identity Formation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104( 2), 371-384.

Mulheir,G. and Browne, K. (2007). De-Institutionalising And Transforming Children’s Services : A Guide To Good Practice. Birmingham : University of Birmingham Press. Research on Institutional Care of Vulnerable Children. (20 March 2012). สืบค้นจาก http:// www. researchchart.html

Nelson CA, Zeanah CH, Fox NA, Marshall PJ, Smyke AT, Guthrie D. (2007). Cognitive recovery in socially deprived young children : The Bucharest Early Intervention Project. Science. 318, 1937-1940.

Nuray Kanbur, Zeynep Tuzun, Orhan Derman. (2011). Psychiatric Symptoms of Adolescents reared in an Orphanage in Ankara. The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics, 53(3), 281-284.

O’Connor TG, Bredenkamp D, Rutter M, and the English and Romanian Adoption Adoptees Study Team. (1999). Attachment disturbances and disorders in children exposed to early severe deprivation. Infant Mental Health Journal, 20(1), 10-29

O’Connor TG, Rutter M, and the English and Romanian Adoptees Study Team. (2000). Attachment disorder behavior following early severe deprivation: extension and longitudinal follow-up. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 39(6), 703-712 .

Pearce, Nickki J. and Reed W. Larson. (2006). How Teens Become Engaged in Youth Development Programs : The Process of Motivational Change in a Civic Activism Organization. Applied Development Science, 10(3), 121-131.

Peter C. Scales, Peter L. Benson and March Mannes. (2006). The Contribution to Adolescents Well Being made by Nonfamily Adults : An Examination of Development Assets as Contexts and Proces. Journal of Community Psychology, 34(4), 401-413.

Quinton, D., M. Rutter, and C. Liddle. (1984). Institutional Rearing, Parenting Difficulties and Marital Support. Psychological Medicine, 14(1), 107-124.

Rutter, M., Beckett,C., Castle, J., Colvert,E., Kreppner, J., Mehta, M., Stevens,S., & Sonuga-Barke, E. (2007). Effects of a profound early institutional deprivation : An overview of findings from a UK longitudinal study of Romanian adoptees. European Journal of Department Psychology ,4 (3), 332-350.

Ryan, Richard M. and Edward L. Deci. (2000). ‘Self-determination Theory and the Facilitation of Intrinsic Motivation, Social development, and Well-being,’ American Psychologist, 55(1), 68-78.

Schore, A.N. (2001a). Effects of a secure attachment relationship on right brain development, affect regulation, and infant mental health. Infant Mental Health Journal, 22(1-2), 7-66.

Schore, A.N. (2001b). The effects of early relational trauma on right brain development, affect regulation, and infant mental health. Infant Mental Health Journal, 22(1-2), 209-269.

Siegler, R and Ellis S. (1996). Piaget on Childhood. Psychological Science, 7(4), 211-215.

Smyke, A. T., Koga S.F. Johnson D.E. Fox N.A., Marshall P.J., Nelson C.A., Zeanah C.H. and the BEIP Core Group. (2007). The caregiving context in institutionreared and family-reared infants and toddlers in Romania. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48(2), 210-218.

Syed M, Seiffge-Krenke I. (2013). Personality development from adolescence to emerging Adulthood : linking trajectories of ego development to the family context and identity formation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(2), 371–384.

The Commission of UNICEF Office for Thailand. (2004). Child Protection Act of 2003. (20 June 2012). สืบค้นจาก

Tizard, B. and J. Hodges. (1978). The Effect of Early Institutional Rearing on the Development of Eight- Year-Old Children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 19, 99–118.

UNICEF. Convention on the right of the Child. (15 March 2012). สืบค้นจาก

United Nations. (1956). The Institutional Care of Children. New York : n.p.

Wolkind S.N. (1974). The Components of “Affectionless Psychopathy” in Institutionalized Children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 15(3), 215–220.