Level of utilization upon psychological carrying capacity for enhancing community-based tourism management standard

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Benjamas Na Thongkaew
Amnat Ruksapol
Suttinee Pornpunpaibool

Abstract

This research aims to determine indicators and standard criteria for psychological carrying capacity and to evaluate carrying capacity of community-based tourism. The study sites are located in Koh Phithak in Chumphon Province and in Koh Yoa Noi in Phang-nga Province. The participants of this project are the tourists who visited these two places. The research method is the questionnaire survey, using 400 and 350 questionnaires for data collection. The criteria of carrying capacity are classified into 3 levels as follows: 1. Level of utilization which is below carrying capacity 2. Level of utilization which is suitable to carrying capacity and 3. Level of utilization which exceeds carrying capacity. By means of descriptive analysis, the data were examined, and three indicators and standard criteria were selected: 1. crowding 2. encounter or density and 3. total satisfaction which carrying capacity was determined as range or level. The results show that the participants have less awareness of overcrowding and human contact at Koh Phithak (median = 2 and 1. and Koh Yoa Noi (median = 2). In terms of tourists’ satisfaction, participants are highly satisfied with Koh Phithak (X̅ = 3.94) and Koh Yoa Noi (X̅ = 4.03). The level of actual utilization of these two places is below carrying capacity. As a result, level of utilization for tourism show that the highest tourist carrying capacity at Koh Phithak are between 250 - 350, and 452 - 722 at Koh Yoa Noi.

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บทความวิจัย (Research Articles)

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