Effects of Tangram activities on executive functions of young children

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Kullachat Pantuworakul
Sakaowdeuan Trimongkhon

Abstract

The aims of this research were 1. to compare the average scores of executive functions of young children before and after participating in Tangram activities, 2. to compare the average scores of executive functions of young children after participating in Tangram activities with the 70-percent standard, and 3. to evaluate the development of executive functions of young children after participating in Tangram activities. The sample used in this research included 22 young children in Kindergarten 3 of Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University Demonstration School. The duration consumed for the experiment was 8 weeks, 3 times a week, or 24 times in total. The research instruments included Tangram activity plans and an observation form on executive functions for young children. The one-group pretest-posttest design was applied to this research. The data were analyzed by using the mean, standard deviation, growth score, and independent sample t-test. The results showed that 1. the young children had greater executive functions at a significant level of 0.05 after the experiment, 2. the young children had greater executive functions than the 70-percent standard at a significant level of 0.05 after the experiment, and 3. the young children attending Tangram activities had very high overall growth scores of executive functions after the experiment. In effectively developing executive functions, the teachers should apply appropriate patterns and design various methods to nurturing young children based on their personal difference , and should provide them with chances to formulate plans, seek solutions, set goals, and make self-assessment by facilitating, reinforcing, and stimulating their age-appropriate development.

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บทความวิจัย (Research Articles)

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